Any bedroom should have a bed. Everyone knows that a full sleep is possible only on a properly selected high-quality mattress, but there is another important nuance. A suitable bed that will provide maximum convenience and comfort should be of the same size as its owner. However, not everyone knows how to choose the right furniture to ensure a wonderful night's rest. After reading this article, you will find out what the sizes of a single bed are, how to choose the perfect option.
Standard according to GOST of Russia
As with many consumer goods, the production of beds is also regulated by legislation , special GOSTs, which are designed to regulate the creation of furniture that meets the requirements of consumers. Usually the beds are standard, but there are exceptions.
GOST implies certain standard measurements. The length of any bed varies from 190 to 220 cm, but 220 cm is not a very popular option among modern manufacturers. This length is intended for people of non-standard height.
The correct choice of bed length can be made using a formula that will include the height of the consumer plus 20 cm.
As for the width of the bed, it will depend on the number of people who will use the bed.
The most popular models of single beds today are ideal for both children and adults. Most often, such furniture is used in children's and teenage bedrooms, as well as in small one-room apartments or studio apartments. It provides all the advantages of a full bed, but does not take up much space (unlike double furniture).
The standard width of a single bed ranges from 70 to 90 cm. Based on this, the following sizes of single options can be distinguished, which correspond to the standards: 70 × 190, 70 × 200, 80 × 190, 80 × 200, 90 × 190, 90 × 200. If the width is more than 90 cm, this is a one and a half bed.
A one-and-a-half or one-and-a-half bed has a standard width from 100 to 140 cm.The following options can be distinguished: 100 × 190, 100 × 200, 110 × 190, 110 × 200, 120 × 190, 120 × 200, 130 × 190, 130 × 200, 140 × 190, 140 × 200. Quite often, beds of this size (especially with a width of 110 cm) are mistaken by people for single models, however, the GOST defines the following: width 110 - one-and-a-half models.
If the width of the bed is in the range from 150 to 180 cm, we can talk about the following size ruler: 180 × 190, 180 × 200, 170 × 190, 170 × 200, 160 × 190, 160 × 200, 150 × 190, 150 × 200 - double bed.
These are the dimensions of standard models according to Russian GOST. The choice is very large, therefore, among the standard options, anyone can find the most suitable one for themselves, meeting the requirements regarding quality, roominess and convenience.
When you want something special, you can pay attention to the models, the sizes of which are non-standard. The width of a double bed can be up to 220-250 cm, while the height will be equal to 220-250 cm. Such an interesting technique will help to get the shape of an absolutely even square. In addition, round double beds are available in these sizes.
Such products take up a lot of space, so their installation is possible only in a spacious room. If the apartment is small, it is better to concentrate on the standard options, because that is what they are and the standards to fit into ordinary Russian apartments.
There are some differences between single beds for a child and for an adult.
For an adult
When choosing a single bed for an adult, it is necessary to take into account the complexion of the person who will use the bed. It is worth deciding whether it will be used regularly.
As for the dimensions, it was noted above that standard single furniture has a width of 70 cm, but for an adult it is recommended to purchase a bed with a width of at least 80 cm .
Finding the right size is not difficult, you just need to lie down on a piece of furniture. Most shops take this liberty. You need to bend your knees and turn to one side. In this position, the knees should not protrude beyond the edge of the bed.
The best option is when the distance from bent knees to the edge of the bed is about 10-15 cm.
For this reason, the following sizes are most suitable for an adult: 80 × 180, 90 × 180, 80 × 190, 90 × 190, 80 × 200, 90 × 200.
The size 90 × 200 is in every sense the most convenient and best-selling. This size is suitable for a person of almost any build, this height is suitable for a person up to 180 cm tall.A person with a taller height will have to order the manufacture of a bed according to individual sizes, since a height over 180 cm today is more the exception than the rule.
The mattress for an adult bed must be selected based on age and health.
For a young man, you can choose a mattress of any hardness. Fillers can also be selected based on personal preference. You can choose a combination of latex and spring block, spring block and coconut fiber, latex and coconut fiber - or any other combination. There are many different fillers on the market today.
Elderly people are better off opting for softer mattress options, so coconut fiber filling will not be the best solution. In this case, the ideal choice would be a combination of a spring block and latex with a holofiber interlayer (in a soft cotton cover).
An excellent choice would be a mattress with orthopedic properties or memory effect. It completely takes the shape of the body of a particular person and "remembers" the force of pressure, which ensures the most pleasant sleep. There are also special mattresses that support the spine: this occurs in the lumbar region, in the neck and head. In addition, some models allow you to quickly and easily relieve tense muscles.
However, finding the perfect mattress in terms of filling and function is not the most important thing. It is more important to choose the optimal size. The mattress should fit snugly on the bed frame, there should not be a large gap from the frame to the edges of the mattress. It should not go beyond the edges of the bed, otherwise it will create inconvenience. In addition, it can put unnecessary stress on the frame, which can cause breakage.
For a child
But for a children's room, a bed with a width of 70 cm is quite a good purchase. In addition, cribs have their own size standards. The minimum length is significantly shorter than that of "adult" models. The length starts from 120 cm, the cradle for a newborn has a length equal to 80-90 cm.
Choosing a bed for a child is a very responsible matter, because until the age of 15 he grows, his body develops. A suitable bed is one of the most important components of the correct formation and health of a little person.
The bed is not very suitable size or rigidity can negatively affect posture, cause curvature and pinching of the vertebrae.
Newborns spend at least 14 hours a day in the cradle, so a separate bed is a must. Psychologists note that children sleep much better and require less attention from young parents if their cradle has soft walls. The special atmosphere of such a cradle gives the child a sense of security, as if he is in conditions close to the conditions in which he was in the mother's womb.
The dimensions of a standard baby cradle are 80 × 40, but different manufacturers allow themselves to deviate from this standard. You can find a cradle with a width of 50 cm and a length of about 90 cm. In addition, cribs for babies can be supplemented with music, lights.
The baby grows and his crib grows with him. A good option is a cradle with dimensions 120x60. Usually, these models have sides with wooden partitions, which allows the child not only not to fall out of the crib in a dream, but also to get up safely, holding on to these very wooden supports.
In addition, many models for babies have an important advantage: the sides are often removable, and the berth tends to increase in length. The child will be able to sleep on such a crib longer, while there will be no discomfort from the fact that the furniture has simply become small. Usually this model is used up to 5-6 years.
The child grows up, goes to first grade, and here again the problem of buying a new bed reappears. At this stage, many parents, in order to save money and space in the room, prefer to buy a sofa bed, but this age is the most important in terms of the formation of posture and the body as a whole. It is better to choose a quality hard orthopedic mattress.
Such a mattress is able to provide the necessary support for the forming spine. The width of the berth is now at least 70 cm, but the length is still smaller than for the "adult" model. The most common size for children aged 6 to 12 is 70 × 160.
If the child is restless enough sleeping, spinning and waving his arms, you can pay attention to the beds with an increased width - 80 × 160. In addition, there are sliding models among such products; the service life of such a bed is several years longer. It is still worth choosing a mattress that is firm enough to hold the spine well.
After 11-12 years, the child becomes a teenager, and he again needs a new sleeping place. He begins to bring friends to his room, life becomes as eventful as possible, new hobbies and concerns appear. This means that the bed should not only be comfortable, with the right mattress, but also stylish enough to match his beliefs and hobbies.
The standard bed size for a teenager is considered to be 90 × 200. This will already be a full-fledged bed for an adult, which is also able to amuse the pride of a rebellious teenager. When choosing, it is only important to pay attention to the environmental friendliness and hypoallergenicity of the materials from which the selected model is made.
In addition, when choosing a bed for a child, you can pay attention to bunk models - today manufacturers offer a wide range. The presented models may differ in various functionalities and may be completed with accessories.
To save space in a teenager's room, the manufacturer combines a desk, a wardrobe and a bed in a bunk bed. On the first tier, there is most often a wardrobe and a table, and the top is occupied by a full bed. The table can have different lights and shelves - for ease of learning. It can be a full-fledged computer desk with a convenient shelf for a monitor, a roll-out table top for a keyboard and a stand for a system unit.
The sizes of bunk models are standard and equal to the sizes of regular beds. The width of the berth will range from 70 to 90 cm and the length from 160 to 200 cm.
The type of non-standard beds includes products with original style and size solutions.
The following groups of non-standard options can be distinguished:
- models with a non-standard bed width;
- increased berth length - more than 220 cm;
- original design of the frame and headboard;
- non-standard forms;
- non-standard solution of model height.
So, the simplest options for non-standard models are products with increased length. People with non-standard height have to resort to the services of individual creation of a frame of increased length. As a rule, the length of such products is from 220 cm.The cost of these models is slightly higher than the price of standard options, but they provide the most comfortable sleeping place for a tall person.
In addition, for tall people there is another "helper" that provides a pleasant pastime. You can buy a bed without one back - as a result, the absence of this obstacle somewhat extends the length of the furniture and does not bind the sleeping person with fetters on both sides.
The differences are not only in length. Non-standard models can be wider or narrower than conventional products, in addition, there are intermediate options - 850, 750, 930, 675, 1050 and others. Such options are very well suited in cases where, for example, furniture must fit in a specific (of a certain size) place, and a person does not want to leave a gap between the bed and the wall - or other objects with which the furniture comes into contact.
Those size options that are non-standard provoke some problems when purchasing a mattress and accessories - in contrast to the sizes already known from the article (900 × 2000, 90 × 2000, 800 × 2000, 800 × 1900, 1000 × 2000). Mattresses also have to be ordered according to individual sizes, which makes the purchase more expensive, but allows you to use a unique product made for a specific person and his needs for many years.
Berths of non-standard sizes are also used for large cottages, where there is a lot of free space. Beds more than 220 cm long and wide (with canopies, various decorations, lighting, music) turn into status acquisitions that are very expensive, but they can demonstrate the owner's level of income and his taste. Often, such products are called king-size beds - due to their truly royal sizes.
There are also some standards for bed heights. A bed is considered low if it has a height of 30-40 cm, medium and most common - 60 cm. A bed of 80 cm is considered high. If the height of the selected model is different, this type of furniture will also be considered non-standard.
Manufacturers usually make changes in pitch to maintain a certain style in which a particular model is executed. So, for example, for a Japanese-style room, it is often customary to lower the height, and for classics or Provence, high options are very well suited - with chic backs and decor.
As for the decor and interesting solutions for the backs and the frame, original design solutions for these elements can also turn an ordinary bed into a non-standard one, and even one that can be easily equated with works of art.
Rustic-style beds are interesting non-standard models , they are created from raw log cabins of young trees. Such furniture looks rather rude, however, if played correctly in the interior, it is quite appropriate. This product will attract the attention of your friends and acquaintances.
Beds-hammocks, "cocoons" in high-tech style , beds with additional elements in the form of tables, attached bedside tables can also be attributed to non-standard.
Round beds so popular today can be attributed to a separate group . They are usually of considerable size and require a fairly spacious room. In addition, the mattress can only be purchased with the bed itself, but these difficulties are nothing compared to the knowledge of owning such furniture. She will add a special charm and novelty to the familiar interior.
Tips for choosing
When choosing a single bed, special attention should be paid to the following characteristics:
- dimensions (width and length);
- frame material;
- base under the mattress.
When choosing, it is necessary to ensure that the furniture must be ideally suited for growth. It can be longer (for example, to grow for a child), but in no case can it be shorter than the height plus 20 cm, otherwise the dream will not be pleasant. Therefore, it is so important to select the options of the desired length. In addition, when buying in a retail store, it is advised to test the furniture - for its convenience and compliance with growth.
The correct width is equally important. When choosing, it is necessary to remember that a single bed for a child has a width of 60 to 90 cm. "Adult" models most often have a width of 90 cm, since such furniture is the most comfortable.
The materials from which the frames are made are many today. The most common materials are wood, metal and MDF. Today, they create models from plastic, cardboard, pallets - the latter are very popular nowadays.
Solid wood has been and remains the most reliable and high-quality material. In addition, it is the safest material, there are no allergic reactions from it.
Wood is able to retain heat in itself, which means that accidental contact with the frame elements during sleep will not cause discomfort - unlike a similar situation with a metal frame. Frames made of solid pine, oak and beech are especially popular today.
As for the base for the mattress - today manufacturers offer 2 main base options: lamellas, plywood sheet. Some manufacturers still offer armor mesh options, but such products are rare. Usually they are to the taste of a collector or someone who is so used to a given base in childhood that he simply refuses to accept another.
The most popular and high-quality option is still a base made of lamellas. The thin wooden plates that make up the base are capable of supporting up to 150 kg per berth. They provide an orthopedic effect.
Choosing the right bed is only half the battle, it is very important to choose a quality mattress for it. It should match the size of the frame as much as possible. Most often, the required size is determined by the exact dimensions of the base, on which the mattress will be placed in the future.
The filling of the mattress can be of any kind. For harder sleeping places, mattresses with coconut fiber are perfect, ideal for softer ones - latex, as well as a spring block.
Separately, you should pay attention to the choice of design and color of the bed. For example, white frames are very popular, as they are the most versatile in terms of overall design and are able to "get along" well in almost any interior. Among the most popular dark colors are black and wenge, they also suit almost any design. If you want to create a bright accent, you can focus on red, purple and blue.
Choosing a bed of the right size is not an easy task. Remember that convenience depends on the size - if the furniture turns out, for example, too small, you can forget about a pleasant and healthy sleep. This will affect the overall well-being of the person. If you want to get a good night's sleep and always be vigorous during the day, take the choice of the right bed as seriously as possible. Try to check the size of the furniture for your height right in the store.
For information on what types of beds are, their sizes and distinctive features, see the next video.