There is a popular expression "Theater begins with a coat rack." This expression fully conveys the property and purpose of the hallway.
Wall decoration in the design and arrangement of the hallway plays no less role than the choice of suitable furniture. After all, a properly selected cladding material will visually expand the space, create the right mood, convey the character of the house and even tell about the respectability of the owners.
More recently, it was decided to save on the decoration of the hallway, the main efforts were invested in the arrangement and decoration of the "main" rooms - living room, bedrooms, kitchen. The walls in the hallway, as a rule, were decorated with wallpaper, laminated or wood panels, and in the budget version - with paint. But recently, decorative plaster wall cladding is gaining more and more popularity.
It cannot be said that this method appeared recently: the method of facing with decorative plaster was actively used in the days of Ancient Greece and Rome , archaeologists still find fragments of buildings with a surprisingly beautiful preserved coating. For many centuries, decorative plaster has been a worthy decoration of the homes of noble citizens around the world. Over time, it lost its relevance, it was replaced by easier to apply and inexpensive materials.
But it is not for nothing that they say that everything new is well forgotten old.
The method of decorating rooms with decorative plaster has returned to use again, and today this finishing material, created using the latest technologies, rightfully deserves special attention.
Advantages and disadvantages
This type of wall and ceiling cladding owes its popularity, first of all, to its practicality and durability. The plastered surface with modern methods retains its attractive appearance for many years, it is easy to clean, resistant to mechanical stress.
Materials applied in a thin layer allow the walls to "breathe" and do not hide centimeters of space. Even in the smallest hallway, decorative light "marbled" plaster is able to visually expand the space with its deep shimmer, and unintentional touches of street shoes or a bag will not leave irreducible marks on it, as on wallpaper.
Another important advantage of plaster for any interior is its ability to imitate any texture. It can be imitation of marble chips, cracks in natural stone, crumpled paper, drapery with silk or suede, velor or velvet. With the help of decorative plaster, you can create truly unique patterns, unique paintings and color combinations, volumetric patterns.
The composition of decorative plaster includes components of different volume and structure, which provide the surface with a heterogeneous structure. How the plaster is applied will determine whether the surface is matte or glossy. The correct selection of components will allow you to make the walls suitable for any style - from noble antiquity to ultra-modern coatings with a metallic or neon glow.
Decorative plaster will allow you to hide minor defects, it can be applied to any wall surface: concrete, wood, drywall, it will also create sound insulation. This material is resistant to moisture and fading. In addition, the plaster mix is fire resistant, which can be a very important factor for private timber houses.
If desired, the plastered walls of the hallway can be repainted in a new color without changing the texture of the coating. This will renew the room, give it a new "sound". Damaged areas can be repaired without having to remove the entire coating.
It is only necessary to take into account the difference in shades so that the restored area after drying merges with the rest of the surface.
The disadvantages of decorative plaster include the high cost of the material, as well as the need for application technique skills. In addition, some types of decorative plaster require perfectly flat walls, special tools and knowledge of certain technologies. But these disadvantages are more than compensated by the fact that your room under the decorative cladding will acquire a truly luxurious and respectable look. You can avoid mistakes in drawing by ordering the work from the masters of their craft.
Before considering this or that type of plaster for cladding and decoration of the hallway, it will not be superfluous to visually classify it by type and type.
According to the type of purpose, decorative plaster is divided into two types:
- Facade. This type of material is used for cladding buildings, has a dense structure. Most often toxic, therefore it is not used in residential premises. Facade plaster can contain granite or marble chips (mineral), have a base of "liquid glass" (silicate), consist of polymers or silicone.
- Interior. This type of plaster differs from the facade in more gentle and less resistant substances in the composition.
By the surface relief, decorative plaster can be:
- Textured and smooth (rough surface, different texture, degree of unevenness and application technique). Heterogeneous granular mass of various shades based on synthetic materials. Granules of various origins are added to the composition of such plaster, depending on the purpose of the final result. It can be chips of natural and artificial materials (marble, sand), flax or cotton fibers, wood fiber. According to the structure, the main types of textured plaster can be distinguished: bark beetle (imitation of traces of the beetle of the same name, grooves in the material), fur coat, silk, rain and lamb (astrakhan).
- Structural or embossed (decorative special effects, imitation of natural materials). The mass of embossed plaster applied to the wall can take any form under the influence of special tools (rollers, stampings, stencils). The patterns are sculpted or cut out on the plastic mass of the material. It is important to give the surface shape and relief before the mixture dries. This type of plaster allows you to create canvases of any artistic content or imitation of reptile skin and is a real find for the imagination of masters and customers.
- Venetian (imitation of a stone cut). It is rightfully considered one of the most luxurious and aesthetic coatings in decorative wall decoration. It gives the surface the effect of a cut of polished stone. The unique pattern of veins of marble, malachite, turquoise allows light to pass into depth, which makes the surface glow and glare.
The composition of the Venetian plaster is a mixture of stone dust of the kind with which the final result is declared. In addition to marble particles, the mixture may contain quartz, lime, granite. The finer the stone chips, the thinner and more natural the pattern is.
Depth and "transparency" is achieved thanks to a special application technology.
Patterns for decor
In addition to the basic properties of decorative plaster and the methods of its application, there are a number of additional techniques with which you can decorate the surface of the walls in the hallway:
- Stencil drawings. Stencil painting is one of the fashion trends in the world of modern design. The application technique consists in using a pre-made template - a stencil. It is used on any kind of plastered surface, it allows you to make both a repeating ornament over the entire surface of a wall or ceiling, and a separate panel. Stencil painting can be highlighted with gold leaf or patched (artificially aged);
- Volumetric drawings. As a rule, they are made according to a pre-prepared sketch, they are performed with elements of a 3D effect, with a multifaceted perspective and point drawing of small details. The volumetric drawing can be part of a large mural or a separate panel. In the first case, this effect is created only in a certain area of the composition, which significantly reduces the cost of the entire decoration as a whole. These can be various decorative elements or part of a picture: faces, objects;
- Stone cut. Venetian plaster is capable of creating truly chic interiors thanks to the imitation of light marble, veins of malachite, deep glow of various stone rocks;
- Wood. Natural wood lines and rings or canvases eaten away like a bark beetle will decorate hallways not only in country style. They look very warm and cozy thanks to the warm woody shades of the plaster;
- Concrete art. This is a plastering technique that mimics untreated concrete. Great solution for loft style;
- Patina effect. Imitation of patint (aging) favorably emphasizes vintage styles. You can choose any shade of plaster and create both an old interior in the form of stone castle walls and the effect of a rare wood wall cladding.
Options for combining interior decoration in the corridor
Decorative plaster goes well with other furnishing materials, complementing them, and sometimes emphasizing favorably. The most common combination option is to divide the wall into top and bottom, where the lower part is lined with more durable materials: wood or laminated panels, tiles. Thus, the bottom of the wall is maximally protected from street dirt and claws of pets, and the upper part will give the room a soft glow and comfort.
With the help of different types of plaster applied to parts of one wall or to abutting walls, you can adjust the width and height of the corridor, and zone the space.
In this case, experiments with color shades and well-chosen lighting angles will also be of invaluable help.
Which one is better to choose?
When choosing decorative plaster, there are several main factors to consider:
- Features of the wall and the possibilities of plastering. Some types of facing mixtures are only suitable for perfectly smooth prepared surfaces (eg Venetian plaster). For walls with small defects, textured is perfect, its granules will hide minor imperfections, it fits perfectly on concrete and brick.
- Temperature conditions. The hallway, especially in private homes, is subject to temperature changes due to the opening door and the influx of cold air. In such cases, it is better to choose a plaster that contains substances that are resistant to temperature extremes. It is worth paying attention to mixtures containing silicone substances.
- The volume of the covered space. The larger the area of the canvas, the more financial costs. This factor should be considered prior to choosing a mixture. Textured plaster only on the upper part of the wall will be the best option, will not hit the wallet and create a unique design.
Beautiful ideas for interior design in the apartment
If the task is to visually expand the hallway space, then it is better to choose light versions of smooth or finely granular plaster with a discreet pattern in the center. Any relief creates volume, so it will conceal an already small space. Smooth patterned plaster covering the wall with a thin layer is ideal for small hallways.
For halls and voluminous hallways, you can choose a Venetian finish. The space will sparkle with noble shades, and the hallway will resemble the main entrance to the palace. Along with Venetian plaster, stucco and gilding are often used on it, if it does not contradict the style of the room.
Plaster looks beautiful in the corridor, imitating the laying of stone or brick. Combine with wire décor, bare light bulbs and fixtures to create a unique loft-style design.
Volumetric bright drawings are suitable for pop-art interiors. Picturesque paintings will add elegance to the classic style. And the delicate colors of textured plaster will revive the interior in the Provence style.
You will learn more about how to use decorative plaster in the interior of the hallway in the following video.