Fuel-free generators: device and types, how to make a 20 kW, 220 V and 50 Hz generator with your own hands? Electronic circuits

Electricity is the main resource for a comfortable life in the modern world. A fuel-free generator is one of the methods of insurance against failures and premature shutdown of electrical appliances. Buying a ready-made model is usually expensive, so many people prefer to assemble a generator with their own hands.With its help, you can easily replace a boat, car or airplane engine, this will greatly increase efficiency and reduce the cost of travel if the user actively uses the car. Another important factor is that such generators are actively used in the medical field and in data processing as a backup power source. It can serve as a charger, restore workflow if servers fail due to a power outage, or serve as an additional source of power in the car.

Interesting fact! In any vehicle, generators are installed on the sides. If you use an alternator and an engine at the same time, then as a result, you can safely count on high power ratings.

What it is?

A fuel-free generator is not the most difficult device to assemble with your own hands. The easiest way to use neodymium magnets in the design. A conventional motor, during operation, generates electric current using copper or aluminum coils, but for this it is important to have a constant source of electricity from the outside, the output losses are too large. But if a generator without fuel electricity does not provide for the use of copper or aluminum as the main materials, much less energy goes into the void. This is facilitated by the presence of a constant magnetic field, which generates an impulse for engine operation.

Important! This design will work only if neodymium magnets are used; they work more efficiently than other analogs and, due to the general interaction, do not require external recharging. As for unconventional power sources, there are many alternative options. The benefits of the electric motor are easy to grasp: the cost of travel is significantly reduced. The main thing in the design is the engine that generates a DC level with a battery in the kit, it is he who starts the engine, and that, in turn, starts the operation of the alternator. As a result, the battery is not discharged.

Traditional sources of fuel-free energy are external factors such as wind or water, but they will not work for a generator. Today, in terms of their performance, magnetic generators are several times superior to the usual solar batteries. Moreover, the scope of such a generator is limited by how powerful the current motor is used in the structure and other components.

The difference between this energy source is not only in the possible ubiquity of use, but also in complete independence from external factors and adverse environmental influences.

Device and principle of operation

If we talk about what is included in the kit, then everything may depend on the type of design chosen. But there are some key features that are common with fuel-free power supplies. For example, the stator remains stationary and is fixed by the outer casing in any design. The rotor, on the other hand, constantly moves in the process of working inside. When making your own products, it is best to use materials that do not conflict with magnetic waves. Between themselves, the stator and the rotor are similar in slots, in the first case from the inside, and in the second - from the outside.

The grooves contain the conductors for generating energy. There is also a winding where the voltage builds up, experts call it the armature winding. Magnets are best used permanent magnets, they are reliable and will fit literally any type of device. The main part consists of several metal rings on which the coils are located. The rings have a wide diameter, and the coils have dense wire winding. You can reproduce such a design with your own hands on your own, but in a simpler version.

Several wide rings and a thick pair of wire are suitable for assembly. In the construction, the wires are interconnected and form a cross-shaped pattern.

What are they?

There are a lot of generator models on the market, they differ among themselves in the type of design and principle of operation. By analyzing this information, you can choose the most effective and suitable option for your home. In general, generators can be divided into three main types:

  • pendulum;
  • magnetic;
  • mercury.

    The Vega generator is powered by magnets and was invented by two scientists, Adams and Bedini. The magnetic rotor has the same pole orientation; rotation creates a synchronous magnetic field. Several windings are provided on the EMF stator, and support is carried out using short magnetic pulses.

    "Vega" is a working abbreviation for the Adams vertical generator, it is suitable for private houses and small buildings, even for a motor boat you can assemble an engine based on this design. Short-term impulses generate the required voltage level that stimulates battery recharging during operation. Depending on the power of the selected components, the scope of use of this generator can also expand.

    Tesla is a famous physicist, the design of his generator is the simplest. It includes such components.

    1. A capacitor to successfully store and store electrical charge.
    2. Grounding for ground contact.
    3. Receiver. Only conductive materials are used for it, the base must be dielectric. Isolation at the final stage is mandatory.

    The receiver receives electricity, due to the presence of a capacitor in the structure, the charge accumulates on the plates. With its help, you can connect any device to the generator and charge it.

    In more complex design options, the presence of automation, additional converters for constant current generation is provided.

    Rossi uses cold fusion for a fuel-free generator. Although there are no turbines in the design, fuel exchange is carried out here through a series of chemical reactions of nickel and hydrogen. Heat energy is released in the chamber as the reaction proceeds.

    It is imperative to use a catalyst and a small electric accumulator. All costs, according to laboratory studies, pay off more than 5 times. Most of all, such a model is suitable for generating energy in residential areas. But sometimes experts argue whether it can be called completely fuel-free, since the design provides for the use of nickel and hydrogen - active chemical reagents.

    The Hendershot generator will require:

    • resonant electric coils from 2 to 4 pieces;
    • metal core;
    • several transformers generating direct current;
    • several capacitors;
    • set of magnets.

    When assembling, be sure to observe the spatial orientation of the coils. Correct north-south direction will reliably generate a magnetic field in the winding. By using a Tesla coil, two or more capacitors, a battery and an inverter, a more powerful structure can be made.

    Such a generator should be assembled strictly according to the scheme. Sometimes additional modifications can be made, but the more complex the design, the more time-consuming it will be to assemble at home.

    The Khmelevsky generator is actively used by geologists on expeditions where there is no permanent source of electricity. The design includes a transformer with multiple windings, resistors, capacitors and a thyristor. The windings are strictly split. The counter-generation of energy by a transformer always has a positive value, which guarantees a high-quality result using resonance and voltage frequency with respect to the amplitude for operation.

    A fuel-free generator based on the interaction of a magnetic field between rollers and a metal core was invented by John Searla. The rollers move an equal distance during operation and rotate around the core; coils are installed in diameter to generate energy. The start of work is carried out using the supply of electromagnetic pulses. The alternating magnetic field gradually increases the speed of the rollers, the higher the level of rotation, the more electricity is generated. When a certain level is reached, even anti-gravity can be achieved: the device rises slightly above the table surface.

    Schauberger's device is a mechanical model, energy is generated by rotating a turbine and moving water or other liquid through pipes. A simple and effective law, thanks to which mechanical energy is easily converted through the through movement of liquid from bottom to top. This is possible due to cavities in the liquid and a state that is very close to vacuum.

    How to do it yourself?

    You can create a working electric generator from two electric motors at home. There are many possibilities for implementation, but the simplest design will be a Tesla generator. This will require the following.

    1. Create a receiver with a fairly wide range of plywood and foil.
    2. Fasten the conductor in the center of the receiver.
    3. Install it on the roof of the house or at the highest point.
    4. The receiver is connected to the energy storage and the capacitor plate using a wire. With this scheme, a model with the ability to power from 220 V.
    5. The terminal and the second capacitor plate must be grounded.

    When connecting, be sure to check the electrical connections and the charge of the capacitor. At the very beginning of work, it is always zero. After an hour of operation, you can measure the voltage across the capacitor with a multimeter. You can complicate the design and use several capacitors instead of one, this can give an additional 20 kW of power. Electronics are selected harmoniously, all materials must match each other.

    A more powerful battery, for example, at 50 Hz, a wider receiver area, a large capacitor, or multiple coils will help generate more electricity, but the design itself will become more complex. The Tesla generator is not suitable for charging powerful electronic devices and providing energy to a residential area.

    The device will turn out to be too large for home use, but a Tesla generator is ideal for gaining experience in assembling a fuel-free structure at home.

    Oil collection method

    This method requires:

    • accumulator battery;
    • amplifier;
    • transformer that generates alternating current.

    The battery is needed as a permanent storage, the transformer will constantly generate a current signal, and together with the amplifier, the power required for operation is guaranteed to compensate for the capacity of the battery (usually it is from 12 to 24 V). The transformer is connected first either to the current source or to the battery immediately, then all this is connected with wires to the amplifier, and then the sensor is connected directly to the charger, which will ensure an uninterrupted level of operation. Another wire connects the sensor to the battery.

    Dry method

    The secret of this method is to use a capacitor, but even so, the kit will require:

    • current transformer;
    • generator or its prototype.

    For assembly, the transformer and the generator are interconnected by non-damping wires, for strength, everything is also fixed by welding. The capacitor is connected last and serves as the basis for the operation of the device. It is this assembly method that is preferable at home. In order not to be mistaken, it is enough to follow the chosen scheme and reproduce the design; the average life of such a generator is several years.

    A fuel-free permanent magnet generator is presented below.