Begonia is a beautiful and undemanding flower that feels great at home. It can often be found in educational institutions or different offices. The attractiveness and non-capriciousness of begonia makes it so widespread and popular. However, it is not enough just to choose a flower of the kind you like. It is necessary to provide him with competent care, albeit quite simple. We will analyze in stages how this plant should be transplanted according to all the rules, and what problems may be encountered in this case.
Begonia in our time is considered one of the most popular and common flowers. It differs in that it is represented by a huge number of subspecies and varieties. You can choose the ideal option for any conditions. People can choose a plant with flowers ranging from dark and neutral to bright and rich. With the help of a properly selected culture, you can decorate the interior, making it more "alive" and original.
Despite the fact that begonia is an undemanding flower that does not need expensive treatments, it should still be properly cared for. If you neglect these procedures, then the flower will not delight for a long time with its beauty and lush flowering. One of the important conditions for the "long life" of begonia is its competent transplantation.
Owners of a purchased flower, which they have just picked up, are often interested in the question of how soon it should be transplanted, and how it should be done according to all the rules. Of course, a store plant will need a transplant, and it is quite possible to do this right away, but experienced flower growers do not advise rushing. It is better to do it a couple of weeks after purchase, or even a month later.
If the plant was bought at a time when the process of its flowering is in full swing, then it is advisable to wait until it stops.
Transplanting a begonia, taking into account all the necessary stages, does not have to spend a lot of time and effort. The main thing is to treat the roots of plants as carefully as possible, regardless of its variety and type. If you damage the roots, the begonia may not take root in a new place, so you will have to act very scrupulously and carefully, without sudden movements.
But it is also very important to take into account the fact that it is necessary to select the right soil and pot for begonias. Only on condition of a competent choice of the latter can we talk about the health of the flower. He must necessarily be in conditions that are optimally comfortable for him, otherwise he will not be able to please the grower with his bright and spectacular flowering.
Transplant frequency and time
Many flower growers are interested in the question of how often begonias need to be transplanted, what period is most suitable for this. Experienced flower breeding masters argue that the transplant of this plant should be done in two cases.
- Begonia will need to be transplanted after purchase. It will be necessary to do this, but it is not always necessary to rush in this matter. If you leave the flower in a purchased container, then over time it will simply fade. You can't fix this problem no matter what you do. To avoid this, the plant needs to be transplanted into a new pot with fresh soil.
- The transplant is an annual event. It is carried out in order to restore all the necessary nutrients of the begonia, since throughout the year the old soil is inevitably depleted. It is impossible to forget about the annual transplant of this plant, otherwise you will simply ruin it.
The main rule that must be adhered to in matters of transplanting begonia is that you cannot transplant a flower during its flowering. Do not under any circumstances violate this condition. If begonia blooms, do not rush. It is better to wait until this process stops, and proceed to the transplant only after that.
If you transplant a begonia that has bloomed, then soon the flowers will begin to fall off, and the plant will look sick and ugly.
What is necessary?
Before proceeding directly with the transplant of begonia, it is important to stock up on all the components necessary for this. These include several components.
- Pot. It shouldn't be too big and spacious. For young plants, it is necessary to select containers 3-4 centimeters larger than the previous pots in which they are sold in stores.
- High quality and suitable soil mixture. For begonias, a mixture of peat, humus, turf and plain earth will be optimal. All components must be taken in equal proportions.
- Good drainage. In no case should you forget about it if you want to create the most comfortable living conditions for the plant. For this purpose, various materials are used, for example, expanded clay, tiles, crushed stone or foam cut into cubes.
These are all the necessary components that will be needed to properly transplant the begonias into a new container.
If you have stocked up with all the necessary components, then you can proceed to the direct transplant of begonia at home. Let's consider in stages how to do it correctly.
- Take the new pot of your choice. Lay a drainage layer on the bottom. For example, it can be pebbles, expanded clay and coarse sand. Then the charcoal is laid out. Next, you should fill the container with pre-prepared or purchased soil.
- Before proceeding to transplant a flower, you need to water it well.
- After that, the flower stalk is removed as carefully and carefully as possible from the old soil. It will be necessary to just as carefully and carefully remove the remnants of the old earth from the roots.
- Experienced growers advise not to rush to transplant begonia after removing it from an old store-bought pot. It is advisable to moisten its roots in a weak solution of potassium permanganate before that (it should be pale pink). It is worth leaving the roots there for literally 30 minutes, no more.
- It will be necessary to get rid of rotten, moldy and other damaged fragments, if any, on the plant. Begonia is thoroughly (but still neatly) washed in clean water, and then dried a little.
- Now is the time to place the cleaned and prepared plant directly into the new pot with the drainage layer already poured. After that, fresh soil is poured there. In this case, at least 1 cm should remain to the edges. Then the flower is watered. After another 2-3 weeks, the soil will need to be poured a little into the pot with begonia.
It is important to take into account the fact that it is impossible to engage in deepening the root collar here in any case, because this can cause serious harm to the plant.
You can transplant begonia and tuber. This is done in the same way as in the case of rhizome flowers, however, there is no need to deeply embed the onions. They should be left as close to the surface as possible. As soon as the shoots break through, you need to add some more earth (at least 3 cm).
A detailed master class on transplanting begonia is presented in the following video.
Growing begonias at home is a simple and affordable business for everyone. However, very often people are faced with a number of certain problems that must be eliminated in time so as not to cause serious harm to the plant. Let's get acquainted with them in more detail.
- Most often, there may be a problem of decay of the roots and shoots of the flower. As a rule, this ailment occurs due to excessive watering.
- In winter, the foliage of any kind of begonia can begin to fall off. Such events can occur if the room temperature is too low, which is not suitable for keeping these plants.
- Do not transplant begonias into waterlogged soil. Of course, it should be slightly damp, but without excess. Otherwise, the plant may simply not take root.
- Eternal begonias may suddenly stop blooming, and their growth will noticeably slow down. This problem indicates an insufficient plant nutrition with the necessary nutrients.
- Visibly dried and lethargic leaves indicate that the air is too dry in the room, and the humidity level is insufficient.
- Leaves may turn yellow due to insufficient watering and low temperatures in the room.
In order to avoid serious problems with the cultivation of an already unpretentious begonia, it is necessary to provide it with competent care.
How to care?
Caring for begonia is required correctly. This is a light-loving plant. To make it grow more actively, it is desirable to provide diffused light. After transplanting, the flower pot should be moved to the windowsill near the window that faces west or east.
It is not recommended to put a pot with this beautiful flower in a room where drafts constantly "walk". The room should be as comfortable as possible and not too cold, otherwise the flower will get sick.
Any diseases noticed in time should be treated as soon as possible. Don't waste your time. Start treatment immediately, otherwise you can lose begonia altogether.
In the winter season, it is advisable to pay due attention to additional lighting. The culture responds well to competent watering. To do this, use only soft water. Its excess must be immediately poured out of the pallet.
For proper watering, you should adhere to the following expert recommendations:
- in summer, the flower must be watered a couple of times a week;
- if there is a strong heat, the earth must be moistened daily;
- from October, the flower should be watered depending on the degree of drying of the upper soil layer;
- in winter, watering should be minimal (once every couple of weeks);
- from March, the plant needs to be moistened more.
It should be borne in mind that in the winter, begonia goes into a state of dormancy and does not bloom. At this time, it is recommended to move it to peat, and watering can be eliminated altogether.
Begonia is a tropical plant that requires a lot of moisture. It is not recommended to spray the plant. Otherwise, this will lead to the appearance of painful spots on the begonia foliage. In order for the room where the plant is located to have optimal humidity, you need:
- put the pot on a small saucer with moistened peat;
- pebbles should be put in a bowl with liquid, on which the flower will be located.
It is very important to keep a comfortable temperature in the space where begonia grows. She is very bad about temperature changes. It is advisable to set a moderate temperature regime. In the summer season, experts advise keeping a "green pet" at temperatures ranging from +18 to +20 degrees. In winter, these parameters are slightly different. At this time of the year, it is desirable that the temperature in the room does not go below +15 degrees. Otherwise, begonia may start to hurt.
We must not forget about feeding this unpretentious plant. Appropriate nutritional formulations can be a great preventive measure against parasites and various diseases that begonia is susceptible to when applied on time. In addition, flowering with these solutions is accelerated and becomes more active. Fertilizers are sold in specialized garden stores. You should choose exactly those products that are designed specifically for indoor crops.
It is advisable to select such high-quality dressings, which include the following necessary components:
Begonia should not be treated with top dressings that contain chlorine.
It is recommended to apply nutritional formulations twice a week. It is recommended to reduce the dosage by half compared to that indicated in the instructions, on the advice of experienced florists.