Recreation in the fresh air is necessary for a person, while he wants to spend it with complete comfort. The way out will be the construction of a gazebo, which should be connected to the house. It is not difficult to make such a structure on your own, because it will not take up a lot of money, but the result will certainly please, and the process of work can be enjoyable.
Options and benefits
The gazebo attached to the house has a number of advantages.
- Compactness. Usually, such a structure does not take up as much space as an independent structure. This is a good way out for small plots of land.
- Multifunctionality. A closed gazebo can serve as a summer kitchen or an additional guest room.
- Convenience of operation and ease of maintenance. Due to the fact that the gazebo is located close to the house, it is very convenient to use it, because you can bring water here from the kitchen, and this opens up additional possibilities for using such a room.
- Lower construction costs. Due to the fact that such a structure has one already finished wall (house wall), construction costs are automatically reduced.
- Simple installation. It is always easier to build an extension than a stand-alone building.
The gazebo attached to the house can be made in several versions.
- Open. Its construction will require very little building material and time. Another question is that such a structure practically does not protect from the wind. Therefore, you need to carefully choose on which side of the house to make such an extension. Also, the lack of closeness can be compensated for with thick curtains.
- Closed. The costs, both physical and material, for construction will be higher in this case, but you can use such a gazebo for a longer time than open. Sometimes such a room is turned into almost a real room in which you can spend time until late autumn. Thus, additional square meters appear in a country or rural house.
- With barbecue. The gazebo attached to the house can be made in the form of a canopy over the stove or barbecue. For a large company who likes to spend their holidays with barbecue and other pleasures, this will be an attractive place.
The oven will not be able to get precipitation, which is very convenient. But it must be borne in mind that a decent area must be provided for such a gazebo so that people do not crowd around the hearth.
And the device of such a "heater" provides for the creation of a well-thought-out smoke removal system and a special foundation.
Even in order to make such a light structure as a gazebo attached to a house, you need to carefully approach the preparation of a project that determines not only its appearance, but also the durability of the structure.
Be sure to consider a number of factors:
- soil features;
- the size of the structure;
- the condition of the wall of the house chosen for the extension;
- materials for construction;
- foundation features;
- a way to add a gazebo;
- the presence or absence of a fireplace, stove, barbecue, sink and other elements of everyday life in it;
- type: open or closed gazebo.
The project of a rectangular gazebo with a pitched roof will be simple to execute. You can limit yourself to creating a structure in the form of a canopy under the same roof with the house, or build something like a veranda or terrace. Any of these options will be a good way out for a summer residence or just a small suburban area.
No one will limit the choice of forms. Unusualness can be achieved by creating an original roof or choosing for the gazebo is not a simple structure, but a polygonal one.
If the soul longs for something unusual, then it makes sense to consider the numerous photos of attached gazebos and drawings that are in the public domain. You can choose a design for creating a structure from the material with which it will be easiest to work.
Tools and materials
A variety of materials can be used to create a gazebo: from newfangled to traditional ones.
Although the glazed version resembles a greenhouse in its appearance, you can spend time here almost all year round. And if you make a transparent roof in it, then it can be used as a greenhouse. It is pleasant to spend free time in such a botanical garden enjoying the aromas of flowers.
You can make a gazebo made of polycarbonate. It is strong, flexible, durable, inexpensive, and also visually attractive. This allows it to be used for the construction of both walls and roof (shed) structures.
The walls of the gazebo can even be tightened with plastic. It is quite simple to do this, but whether such a structure will prove to be durable is a big question.
The most common material in the construction of such structures is wood.
The owners of suburban areas are encouraged to make such a choice by the proven positive qualities of the material for centuries: its environmental friendliness, low weight, excellent performance in terms of the operation of the structure, as well as availability.
In labor lessons, any boy is taught to handle a tree, so that the construction of a structure from it does not frighten someone who, in principle, knows how to handle a tool.
Pine is used more often than other materials in construction. It is an easy-to-use material available in Russia. For the construction of gazebos, boards, slats, and wooden beams are used.
As for the foundation, concrete, anchors for creating racks, bricks or piles are required. You also need fasteners and material for roofing at the choice of the owner of the future gazebo.
Of the tools you will need:
- circular saw and saw for cutting corners;
- electric planer and jigsaw;
- drill with drills;
- tape measure and level.
The device of a wooden extension, for example, to a country house, begins with work on the creation of the foundation.
You can fill in the foundation common with the house in advance, and if the idea of \ u200b \ u200bbuilding a gazebo came after the construction of the main building, then it remains possible to build a pile or columnar base, although no one interferes with it in the form of a solid concrete screed.
For a small gazebo, you can make a columnar foundation.
Different materials are used for it:
- Brick. Good for dry sandy soil.
- Logs previously fired or treated with an antiseptic.
- Monolithic concrete, requiring the creation of formwork from wood or roofing material.
- Asbestos pipes. Ideal for moving ground.
- Steel tubes. Those of them are used, the wall thickness of which is at least 4 mm. They have great bearing capacity.
The process of performing work to create the foundation can be as follows.
First, the site for the extension must be cleaned of debris and grass, then leveled. Mark the locations of the supports - this is usually done using pegs and rope.
In the corners of the future structure, holes are dug under the pillars. A layer of rubble is poured onto the bottom, followed by sand to a height of 20 cm. A piece of roofing material is placed on top and 10 cm of concrete is poured. After that, you need to wait two days until the mixture hardens, and then start laying the bricks in two rows. The bricks are fastened with cement mortar, each new layer is laid perpendicular to the previous one.
To make a base for a gazebo with a size of 3x3 m or 4x5, 4-6 pillars are enough. After all the pillars are installed, the first crown of the building is created.
The lower harness is made of timber. For the further formation of the floor, logs are laid, which can rest on the posts. Corner and intermediate posts are made of timber. Those of them that are adjacent to the wall should be half a meter higher than the rest, so that the roof subsequently slopes.
The upper harness is made. Then a railing is installed at a height of 1 m. Roof beams are mounted on the top beam.
When creating the floor, it is recommended to use the same material as on the porch. You can also make wood or cement flooring.
The gable roof of the gazebo in the form of an extension should rest on the supporting beam of the wall. Slate, ondulin or similar material is mounted on the roofed rafter structure. It is good if the roofing matches the flooring of the house itself.
Drainage is provided in a natural way due to the slope of the roof , although it is better not to be lazy and arrange special gutters, along which, in case of heavy rains, water will be diverted from the gazebo in an organized manner.
At the end of all work, the structure is varnished. This is necessary, first of all, in order to ensure its durability. In addition, the wood, varnished in several layers, acquires a pleasant shimmer that pleases the eye.
When decorating the gazebo, it is better to adhere to the stylistic unity of this extension with the main building. In the case when the building is wooden, then the gazebo should also be wooden, and if the house is finished with brick, then this material should also be present in the gazebo.
The gazebo can be revetted with slats on which a flower bindweed or any other garden crop grows. It will be pleasant to collect its fruits without leaving the place. Either way, this plant will provide welcome shade on a hot summer day.
The gazebo can be sheathed with wood veneer or eurolining - so the structure will acquire protection from the wind, and at the same time a noble modern look.
With a transparent roof, the structure will seem lighter, more light will be able to penetrate into it. If you need just such an option, then you can use the same polycarbonate or, for example, arrange windows in the roof.
It is good to foresee in advance the option of turning a closed gazebo into an open version.
This is done through the use of removable wall structures, which will allow the building to be used for a sufficiently long period and regardless of what summer is: in hot weather you can use an open gazebo, and if the warm season did not turn out to be like that in fact, a closed structure will be salvation ...
The canopy can also be made removable. An awning made of plastic or dense, waterproof fabric completely replaces a full-fledged roof in the summer. Sometimes the fabric is attached with carabiners in the ceiling area under the rafters and crate. It moves and expands at the request of the owners, who are able to regulate the access of sunlight to the gazebo, as well as close the extension space from precipitation or in extreme heat.
You can simply and beautifully decorate an open gazebo with Roman curtains. It will be very pleasant to hide behind their canvases from the cool breeze on a summer evening.
For a comfortable pastime, it is better to take care of creating a comfortable and stylish interior in the extension. You can put benches and a table in it, made using woodcarving and taking into account the size of the structure itself. Wicker chairs and a table will also be in place here - such furniture goes well with the open version of the gazebo.
You should carefully consider the issue of lighting on this site. Here you can use a variety of sconces or table lamps.
The attached structure will look good in the light of a decorative lantern, which can simultaneously illuminate the courtyard and the inner space of the gazebo, creating an atmosphere of intimacy in it on a summer evening.
The extension can look especially picturesque and cozy surrounded by flower beds. Therefore, you need to competently approach the issue of external floristic design. If funds allow, then in this matter you can resort to the services of a landscape designer.
You can make such a structure both at a blank wall, and at the one with a window or doorway. The second option is more advantageous in that it will be much more convenient for the hostess to serve dishes to the table for the guests gathered in the annex.
The gazebo itself can be placed not only against one wall, but also extended to the second.
An extension, erected on a site near the front door, can also play the role of a porch, screening the house from bad weather during a cold period.
It is unprofitable to make an attached gazebo with a pitched roof too large - it will look unnecessarily bulky against the background of an ordinary house. The optimal size is considered to be a 3x6 m structure.
If the gazebo is being built with a barbecue or a stove, then it is better to process the wooden elements with a fire-fighting compound, since otherwise you can lose not only the extension, but also lose the whole house.
For information on how to attach a gazebo to the house, see the next video.