The world of flowers is wonderful and mysterious, it is represented by thousands of plant species, thanks to which you can create romantic corners in landscape design. At the same time, white clematis deserves special attention, which is a symbol of purity, loyalty and innocence. In order to grow such beauties in your garden, you need to know the features of each variety and provide the flowers with proper care.
Popular varieties and their description
Clematis is considered the most popular ornamental plant among designers and gardeners. This lush liana with flowers of extraordinary beauty was brought from Greece, and today it is the main decoration of garden plots and recreation areas. Despite the fact that clematis has more than 800 varieties, white varieties are considered the most common. Most often, the following varieties of white clematis are used for landscape design:
- Jerzy Popieluszko. It is an erect shrub with dark green leaves, in which snow-white flowers consist of 8 sepals. Wild clematis usually blooms from May to August, and home grown from June to September. The plant has 2 pruning group.
- Snow Queen. The stem of the representatives of this variety is straight, it reaches a length of 3 meters. Inflorescences are formed from 6 sepals, they are snow-white, when they open, they acquire a blue tint. The flowering period of the plant lasts from May to September. Cutting group 2.
- Fargesioides. It is a vigorous and powerful liana, up to 7 meters long. Clematis leaves are dark green, complex and large. During flowering, many creamy white flowers appear on the liana, which have a delicate scent. This variety has a 3 cutting group.
- "Summer Snow". The flowers of this clematis are white, when they open, they become slightly creamy. With proper care, the plant grows up to 3 meters in length. Anthers of flowers are yellow. This variety is characterized by abundant flowering, which usually occurs in June and August. Cutting group 2.
- "John Paul II". Often serves as an original decoration for gazebos, fences and arches. The color of clematis buds is pink-white. In the evening garden, the flowers seem to have unusual magical powers - they can emit a mysterious light at dusk. Grow well in places where paniculate phlox is planted.
Now on sale you can find white varieties of clematis with different sizes of flowers. Large-flowered plants are easily grown in all climatic zones, while in the middle lane they take root better than in the south. Common varieties of large-flowered clematis include the following representatives.
- Arctic Queen. It is a large bush, which in June is covered with white flowers with a diameter of 18 cm. When growing an ornamental plant at home, you need to remember that it loves sunny areas, well protected from the wind.
- Bella. This variety is distinguished by a star-shaped flower, the diameter of which does not exceed 15 cm. The length of the shoots is usually 2 m. Initially, pale pink buds appear on the vines, later, when opened, they become snow-white. This clematis is characterized by resistance to diseases and is not afraid of cold weather.
- Cassiopeja. It has disc-shaped flowers, up to 18 cm in diameter. On last year's shoots, the first buds can appear in early June, on new ones - in late July. The plant is unpretentious in care.
Due to the fact that its shoot-forming ability is average, pruning is performed infrequently.
- Jeanne d'Arc. Giant snow-white buds, which exceed 20 cm in diameter, do not leave anyone indifferent. If you plant correctly and fertilize clematis in a timely manner, then it will begin to present with abundant flowering in June.
Compared to large-flowered clematis, small-flowered clematis have a special charm. Their small buds can give a landscape design a unique look. The small bud of the plant smells good. The only drawback of these varieties is that they do not cling to supports, therefore, they require a garter and timely pruning. Most often, gardeners choose the following small-flowered varieties for home cultivation.
- Recta. Creates a beautiful snow-white background in gardens, which can be diluted with colored clematis of other shades. The shoots of the plant are straight, and if they are not tied up, then under the influence of the winds they fall and break. In areas with fertile soil and timely watering, such clematis can grow up to 2.5 m in length.
- Clematis Vitalba. Creamy white flowers up to 2.5 cm in diameter usually appear on vines in early July. Shoots, as a rule, do not exceed 7 cm. The main advantage of the variety is that it does not need to be cut and covered for the winter. In addition, the plant reproduces well by seeds.
Snow-white clematis with double flowers look especially gorgeous in summer cottages; they are often chosen for decorating walls, fences and pergolas. In order to grow a beautiful and healthy plant in your area that does not require special care, you should give preference to the following varieties.
- Isago. Ideal for those gardeners who prefer to see monochromatic flower beds in their areas. Clematis of this variety quickly braids the garden supports and decorates the areas with delicate buds.
- "Veronikas Choice". It belongs to the most luxurious varieties of terry clematis, since the diameter of its flowers can reach 20 cm. In order for the plant to please with abundant flowering, it should be planted in well-lit areas.
Representatives of this species are not curly and differ in bush shape. Despite this, they are practically in no way inferior in their decorative qualities to royal vines. The most popular bush clematis varieties are presented below.
- "Hakuri". It is a whole-leafed plant that grows up to 1 m in length. At the end of June, it is abundantly covered with bell-shaped white flowers. Their sepals-petals have a characteristic waviness, therefore, from the inside they curl in an original way.
- Alba. It is a low-growing clematis, under good growing conditions its maximum height reaches 80 cm. The flowering period of the plant begins in June and lasts until the beginning of autumn.
If the summer is rainy, then the decorative effect of the flower is noticeably lost.
General rules of planting and care
Absolutely all varieties of white clematis are highly winter-hardy and do not require special care when growing. In order to grow a snow-white handsome man on your site, it is important first of all to start preparing the seat. Most of clematis prefer to grow in partial shade and sunny areas. About 6 months before the planned planting date, you need to fertilize the site well. For this, the earth is dug up and mixed with humus, superphosphate and dolomite flour.
Then the seedling itself is bought, you need to choose planting material, in which buds are visible on the shoots. The root system should be voluminous, without damage. Before planting directly, the roots should be soaked in a solution with a growth stimulant.
The very process of planting is as follows.
- First, you need to prepare a planting pit with a size of 40 * 40 * 50 cm.If several bushes are planted at the same time, then the distance between the pits should be at least 1.5 m.A drainage material with a thickness of 5-9 cm must be laid at the bottom of the planting pit.
- Then a seedling is placed in the hole, trying not to damage the roots. A support 2 m high is driven in nearby, the roots are sprinkled with soil so that the hole is not filled to the brim.
- Planting ends with abundant watering of the seedling and filling the hole with mulch. When shoots begin to appear, sprinkle the hole with soil a little.
After planting clematis, watering is usually performed every other day, at least 3 liters of water should be consumed per seedling. Adult vines need to be watered, depending on their size, once a week (at least 7-12 liters of water per bush).
The duration of flowering and the decorative qualities of flowers largely depend on the amount of nutrients in the soil. Therefore, the area where the plant is planted should be periodically fed: in the spring they use urea and saltpeter, in the summer - mullein infusion, and in the fall - complex mineral preparations.
A few months before the autumn pruning, fertilization is stopped.
Loosening and mulching of the soil is important in caring for white clematis. After watering the land around the bush, loosening should be carried out, removing weeds. If necessary, soil is poured into the hole. After that, mulching is performed using chopped straw, peat and dry grass.
To prevent the plant from losing its decorative effect, it is also important to carry out regular pruning, which allows the plant to maintain its shape and stimulates its growth. In the first year after planting, the tops of the shoots are usually pinched off the seedlings - this activates the appearance of new buds. In the first season, it is also necessary to cut off half of the buds from the vines so that the roots can fully feed and develop. At the beginning of October, clematis should be well prepared for wintering by water charging (up to 20 liters of water per seedling). In addition, you need to cut the stems, leaving 15 cm from the ground, and cover with peat and dry foliage on top.
Examples in landscape design
Snow-white clematis is a rather interesting element of any garden composition. Low-growing bushes in the garden are usually planted to decorate roses, and they can also be used to make beautiful living curtains that decorate fences and lower parts of buildings.
To fill the design with bright colors, white clematis can be combined with pale pink and blue.
This decorative flower also looks interesting in the form of decorations on fences, arches and gazebos. On hot summer days, such a gorgeous clematis fence will save you from the sultry rays of the sun, and in the rain will serve as a reliable shelter. To get beautiful compositions from vines, they must be tied to supports. Lianas weaving over stones look especially luxurious, which can be used for decorating rocky buildings. You can also decorate tree trunks with lianas, arranging their stems in a circle.
In the event that the landscape design provides for the presence of several flower beds and flower beds, white clematis can serve as a monochrome background, originally emphasizing the beauty of other flowers. You can also plant clematis in decorative flowerpots and place them both inside and outside the gazebos, on balconies.
In the next video, you will find more information about white clematis.