Crassula (she is a fat woman) is a cute and unpretentious plant that does not require complex care. You just need to provide her with the necessary environmental conditions. The fat woman should be in a place with good lighting, optimal air temperature and humidity levels. There are several subspecies of this attractive plant. Let's get to know them better and see how they differ from each other.
The genus Crassula is numerous, characterized by a wide variety of different species. The lion's share of them belongs to the succulent family. The jellyfish usually grows in arid areas. The more unsuitable the living conditions are, the more bizarre the appearance of Crassula turns out to be. The color and shape of the flowers of the so-called money tree (another name for crassula) may also be unusual, based on the environment in which this plant grows.
In nature, Crassula grows in Madagascar or in the south of the Arabian Peninsula. The largest number of fat women are found in South Africa. The leaves of this popular plant tend to be dense and fleshy. According to their appearance characteristics, different types and varieties of the money tree can differ significantly from each other - it is almost impossible to confuse them.
Crassulae can be either very miniature and modest, or rather large, more like real trees. The latter grow into powerful giants and can reach a height of several meters. However, all varieties of the bastard have a common feature - the arrangement of the leaves on the stem is opposite, and the dissection of the leaf blades is not present. Each pair of leaves is usually at right angles to the previous pair.
The flowers of the fat woman can have a different color. They gather in small inflorescences. The number of stamens and petals is usually the same.
Many of the varieties of these unpretentious, but beautiful money trees, perfectly take root in the conditions of ordinary city apartments, and not chic greenhouses. But there are also such types for which only the last conditions are suitable. In other circumstances, such varieties of bastard are not cultivated. Flowers designed for indoor maintenance can be divided into several main categories:
- creeping (they are ground cover);
- spike-shaped (columnar).
Each of these species has its own distinctive features, characteristics and characteristics. These parameters of different Crassulas must be taken into account if you plan to grow such a plant at home.
Types and varieties of fat women
Many people keep the money tree at home today. There are many signs associated with this interesting plant, which many growers believe in. However, mostly amateurs still choose this particular tree, because it is unpretentious and does not need complex care.
Even a novice florist who does not have rich experience in growing such plants can easily cope with a fat woman.
There are several different types and varieties of this wonderful tree. Let's get to know them better.
The group of tree-like bastards includes familiar and well-known to many plants, called nothing else than the money tree (it is believed that such a name primarily refers to the varieties "Ovata" and "Arborescens").
Crassula "Ovata" is silvery or oval (it is also a purslane) in the people has other memorable names: "bear's ear", "coin tree", "crassula".
Such succulent trees usually do not grow too tall. In length, their maximum growth is 1–2 m. As for the thickness of the trunk of such a fat woman, this parameter can reach 30 cm. Leaves are usually small and have a characteristic elliptical shape. The natural shade of the foliage is close to a bright emerald. Slightly less common are plants with a characteristic red border around the perimeter on the leaves.
The flowers themselves of such a fat woman are usually small in size and are distinguished by a white color. They gather in dense umbrella-type inflorescences. Very often this adorable plant is used when working in the bonsai technique. The result is very effective decorative solutions that can decorate many environments.
As for the oval crassula, it is characterized by a very beautiful and non-trivial shape. For example, a variety called Crosby's Compact ("Ovata Minor") releases small leaves of a scarlet hue. In length, these succulents are rarely more than 1.5 cm, and in width - the same or slightly less.
A miniature plant often used to form spectacular mini-gardens in an apartment environment.
In another widespread variety , Mix , on the contrary, the leaves grow completely flat and grow close to each other, which distinguishes them from Minor.
The very spectacular Ovata Sunset is also distinguished - this is a beautiful hybrid (another small popular hybrid is the highly succulent Springtime), which has leaves with white lines complemented by a red border.
Hobbit ("The Hobbit") and Gollum ("Gollum") are two varieties with many similarities. They have special tubular leaves. The lion's share of the leaf blades of these plants are accrete from the base to the center. In Gollum, the foliage is completely cylindrical with an expanded top, more like small funnels.
Obliqua is a bastard variety that has leaves with a sharply defined triangular top. The leaf blades themselves usually have a distinctive graceful curved shape - the edges on the sides are directed downward, and the sharp tip "looks" upward, while being clearly parallel to the stem, and not at an angle, as is the case in all other cases.
There are more unusual and non-standard varieties of tree-like jerky. These options include such an amazing variety as "Undulatifolia". Its leaves are distinguished by an original and beautiful silvery-bluish color that immediately attracts the eye. The top of its leaves has a reddish color, parallel to the stem. Also, a special variegated form of the described variety is often found. There are characteristic yellow stripes along the leaves.
"Blue bird" is an incredibly bright and beautiful variety of the fat woman, which by nature has spectacular wavy leaves that are difficult to confuse with the foliage of other subspecies. Among flower growers, this plant is known as a simple "curly-haired krasulya".
The type of ground cover plants is the bastard, called the fluffy or lyciform. These plants are a medium-sized and not very tall shrub, the shoots of which spread rather low and have a characteristic four-sided structure. In rare cases, the height of the shoots exceeds the mark of 25 cm. The leaves are usually very modest in size, folded into four neat and interesting rows. The latter are tightly pressed against each other. In fairly bright lighting conditions, the foliage is visibly and attractively set off with a reddish tint. This plant is extremely popular in home gardening, it is grown very often.
The pseudo-bough fatty is a variety with very flexible pagons. The leaves are loosely located on them. Such flowers are famous for their cultivars, which have green-yellow or grayish leaves. They are also difficult to confuse with other varieties.
There is also a variety of a four-sided fat woman or a four-sided crassula. Such a plant has much in common with the specimens described above, however, it has unusual leaves with a subulate shape characteristic of it. In cross-section, the latter are practically round. Their length, as a rule, does not exceed 4 cm, and their diameter is rarely more than 4 mm.
The bearded fat woman is a variety with low pagons, which branch out at the very base and form special turfs. The leaves gather here in a kind of lush rosettes, which in a circle are most often about 3-4 cm. The standard color of the foliage is green. At the same time, the edges of the plates themselves have edging in the form of elongated snow-white stripes. The flowers themselves are very small and white in color. They open in February - April in the rich inflorescences of the umbrella structure.
Fat woman "Marnier" is a variety with rather short stems . They branch weakly. In young individuals, the stems stand upright, but over time they droop a little. The leaves usually have a rounded structure, the cores are wide, the shade is close to blue, and the lateral borders are red. The flowers themselves grow snow-white, and their diameter reaches 4 mm. The shape is bell-shaped or five-petal.
There is also a special rosette bastard. This widespread variety has short stems, the rosettes of which are flat and practically lie on the surface of the ground. The leaves are characterized by a characteristically linear-lobed shape with a length of 6 to 8 cm. Their color is rich emerald, the surface is glossy, and in the sun shines with a spectacular red tint that attracts much attention. Cartilaginous cilia are located along the edges. The flowers themselves are milky-white in color. They are usually revealed either in February or March.
This type of fat woman is also called columnar or columnar. This group of plants has its own unusual name due to its naturally unusual structure. Such fat women are bushes standing upright, the small trunks of which either do not branch at all, or branch very weakly. The paired leaves of these plants merge with the base and cover the stem so that it seems as if they are tightly strung on the stem.
Parforata is one of the common varieties of this spectacular tree. Such a plant by nature has very small size and leaves, which have a distinctive diamond-shaped shape. The leaves are arranged in pairs, grow together at the very base and intersect with the stem, as if covering it. The very arrangement of foliage here is cruciform. The stem is characterized by low branching and high level of rigidity. As for the color of the leaves, it is close to pale green. At the same time, there is a characteristic bluish bloom and a red border around the edges.
According to the length parameter, the leaves of the succulent of this variety rarely grow more than 2 cm. The length parameter of the trunk usually reaches 20 cm, and its diameter is about 3 cm. The flowering period here falls on the winter season. A large number of small white flowers gather in strong inflorescences at the very top of the shoot.
"Perforata" will be able to grow successfully even like an orange tree.
"Perforata Variegata" - a variety that is one of the subspecies of the standard "Perforated" . Young leaves of this plant are covered with rich yellow stripes along the edges or in the center. As for the old foliage located at the bottom of the trunk, it is usually green in color. In the spring, this tree is completely covered with green.
Grouped - plants of this variety are stunted and perennial. Such crassules are naturally thin, but their stems are highly branched. Foliage rosettes are very densely located on them. The leaves of the grouped plants are small and round. Their surface is smooth and the structure is soft. The leaves can be up to 5 mm long. The natural color of the foliage of these trees is gray-green.
At the edges of the leaf blades, small and thin cilia can be observed. This crassula grows well, forming a kind of dense "pillow". Inflorescences may be at the top of the shoots. The flowers grow small and white-pink.
Plants of the "Monstroza" variety have an unusual and original appearance. The shoots of this money tree grow asymmetrically, with characteristic breaks. Their thickness extremely rarely exceeds the mark of 0.5 cm. On the shoots there is a coating with small scaly triangles-leaves of a yellow-green hue.
A compact plant is the Cooper variety . Usually its height does not exceed 15 cm. The leaves have a pointed top with a large pile in the center. There are also villi along the edges of the leaves. The color of the foliage is often not the simplest, for example, brown-green with specks. Usually, the leaves grow on the stem in a spiral.
Tall plants include the so-called rocky variety . These trees are characterized by creeping or upright stems, the height of which can reach 50 cm or more. At first, the shoots of this money tree are herbaceous, and then turn into tree-like ones. They usually spread horizontally, pulling up quite a bit. If pruning is done in time and correctly, it is possible to form an adorable bonsai from this cute shrub.
The leaves of this variety are distinguished by high density, smooth top. They can be diamond-shaped or ovoid. The length is up to 2.5, and the width is 1–2 cm.
Decorative blooming crassulae are distinguished by a particularly interesting and bright appearance, which is difficult to ignore. The flowering of these plants falls in love with many flower growers, who then begin to engage in their direct cultivation.
The sickle-shaped variety of this plant looks great. Such a fat woman is a shrub with either a straight or a branched stem. In height, it may well reach the mark of 1 meter. The leaves of this crassula are sickle-shaped and have a gray-greenish color. The foliage of the plant is characterized by high juiciness and fleshiness, especially in the area at the very base. In the last zone, the leaves grow together and clasp the stalk itself.
The length of the leaves can be up to 10 cm. The flowering period occurs in July - August. At the same time, the flowers make their way deep red and are collected directly at the crown of the shoot in large (up to 20 cm) inflorescences in the form of umbrellas.
The main feature of the described variety is that in it, after the flowering period, the crown of the shoot must be removed until the leaves have developed normally.
Crassula Schmidta is a variety that is widespread in Europe. There it is grown as an annual. As soon as the bush blooms, it is immediately thrown away, and then fresh specimens are planted. The height of such a bush is rarely less than 10 cm. Crassula Schmidt's leaves are very dense and have an unusual shape - they are narrow and pointed closer to the tips.
The color of the leaves of this crassula is also remarkable. Their upper part is painted green with a slight silvery tinge, and the seamy half is close to a red hue. The stalk here has a pinkish color. The fat woman of this variety blooms with bright scarlet flowers of a carmine shade.
This plant boasts excellent decorative qualities, therefore, in many cases it is used by landscape designers.
Yusti-Corderoi is a variety that is also preferred in large quantities throughout Europe. Here, this plant is also perceived as an annual. In many ways, it is similar to the aforementioned Schmidt fat woman. Only the leaves of "Yusti-Corderoi" grow flattened, rounded at the bottom. There are cilia along the edges. During flowering, this plant forms rich and variegated carmine buds with scarlet inflorescences.
The pierced-leaved Crassula can please with its beautiful appearance. This plant delights flower growers with its annual flowering. In height, such crassulas may well reach the mark of 50-100 cm. The stems usually grow straight, and their branching is minimal. A good level of decorativeness to this plant is given by leaves, as if strung on the stem itself. They are juicy and meaty.
The shape of the leaf blade in succulents of this variety can be triangular or lanceolate. The length is usually from 10 to 15 cm. The top of the leaves is sprinkled with red dots, and at the edges there are hardly noticeable small teeth. Active flowering occurs in the hot summer months. Small flowers gather in tassel-like inflorescences. Their color is white or red.
General rules for home care
Although the fat woman is considered a non-capricious and strong plant, it is still very important for her to provide proper and competent care. Only if this standard condition is met can we talk about the beauty and good health of a money tree. Let's take a closer look at what kind of care the fat woman will need.
It is very important to remember that the fat woman is a big lover of warmth and good light. However, it should be borne in mind that in direct sunlight this plant can be seriously damaged, up to and including burns. Experts and experienced flower growers advise placing pots with this beautiful plant near the east and west windows. In complete darkness, of course, it is better not to keep the fat woman - in these conditions, the plant will be uncomfortable.
It is advisable that in the room where the pot with the fat woman is located, the temperature is maintained at + 20-25 degrees Celsius. If we are talking about the winter rest period necessary for the plant, then it is advisable to withstand a temperature of about +14 degrees.
It is very important to water the money tree properly. Filling it is not recommended, as this will lead to foliage falling off, root rot. The plant can be watered not too often - the soil in the pot may dry out a little, there is nothing to worry about. However, it is also impossible to completely forget about watering the fat woman.
Watering the plant is allowed only with well-settled water. Never use ice-cold liquid drawn from the tap. It is advisable to use rain or melt water. Its temperature should be similar to room temperature.
If water has accumulated in the pan under the pot, it will need to be poured out. You shouldn't leave it there.
If there are hot summer months outside, then it is permissible to wash the fat woman in the shower. In this case, it is recommended to protect the soil from moisture.
Fertilizer for this tree must be chosen very carefully. You should select products specifically for succulents. It is advisable to familiarize yourself with the instructions for the product before use, even if you are confident in your skills and abilities in caring for a fat woman.
You don't need to fertilize the money tree too often. One fertilizer is enough for the growing season. Be careful, because often such formulations lead to burning of the plant roots.
The fat woman is unlikely to like constant transplants. Experienced flower growers advise to carry out such procedures no more than a couple of times a year. At the same time, the tree should be transplanted into a well-chosen pot of small height, but of sufficient width. It is necessary to select high-quality fresh soil and not forget about the drainage layer (not thinner than 2-3 cm).
Any sort of fat woman does not like temperature changes. It is very important that stability is observed in this matter. For example, if you transfer a plant from a cold windowsill to a table in a warm room, then it may well become seriously ill and die.
It is better to initially allocate an ideal place for the money tree, where it will be comfortable and not have to constantly rearrange it.
It so happens that the growth of a plant is delayed for a long time. Of course, there are exceptions. For example, an interesting variety called "Arta" belongs to the category of slow-growing plants. In other cases, the prolonged growth of succulents often indicates incorrect watering. It is advisable not to make mistakes here.
Be sure to make sure that this succulent is not susceptible to any disease or parasite attacks. Typically, any health problems with this plant are immediately noticeable. For example, a strange whitish coating, black or brown dots will appear on the leaves, or the foliage will begin to fall off altogether. There can be many reasons why a fat woman is capable of falling ill.
In any case, if you notice any "problems", you should act quickly using the appropriate treatments and drugs. If you lose precious time, then the plant can be lost.
Any diseases of the fungal species make themselves felt on the root parts of the plant. After some time, the fungus rapidly "diverges" along the rest of the surfaces. As a rule, in conditions of this ailment, the foliage of the plant can shrink noticeably. To prevent such a problem, experts advise twice a year to treat the fat woman with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Regardless of the type and grade of the fat woman, it cannot be kept near heating appliances or a radiator. Under their influence, the plant can wither.
To fight the parasites that attack this succulent, you can use various effective means. One of the highest quality and most frequently used products is Fitosporin-M. It will need to be diluted correctly (how to do this is usually indicated on the package). The resulting composition is used to process the leaves of the plant.
It is recommended to buy any remedies for the treatment of succulents in specialized garden stores. Only there you can buy a really high-quality and suitable in all respects drug that will not harm green pets.
When transplanting a fat woman into a new pot, it is very important to act as carefully as possible. The main thing that you should pay attention to is the careful attitude to the roots. If you accidentally damage the plant's rhizome system, it may not take root in a new place.
For even more about the types and varieties of the fat woman, see the next video.