How and how to sheathe the ceiling, so that it is not only beautiful, but also practical, and, if possible, environmentally friendly, interests many. From the variety of finishes, experts distinguish clapboard cladding, a material that is one of the most common ways to decorate the ceiling.
The origin of the name of the building material is interesting. Previously, transport cars were sheathed with wooden slats, which were then used in interior decoration. This is how the generalized name for wood material came about.
Its main feature is naturalness. The room, in which the ceiling is decorated with wooden clapboard, breathes. A natural microclimate is formed in it due to such a property of a tree as the absorption of moisture in case of its excess and release in case of a shortage.
Distinctive features are:
- naturalness and naturalness;
- durability and reliability in use;
- heat and sound insulation;
- resistance to decay processes;
- ease of care;
- ease of installation;
- originality of appearance;
- complete safety for health;
- a great opportunity to hide communications.
Wooden lining is the ancestor of products such as metal and plastic lining. A feature of all types is its shape and installation. A classic of the genre - lining made of wood is suitable for finishing various surfaces, including the ceiling. The existing drawback - weak moisture and heat resistance today is easily eliminated. The necessary impregnations will easily cope with this problem .
The plastic version of the ceiling sheathing is primarily budgetary. Manufactured with seamless technology, it is attractive and graceful. However, it has a number of serious disadvantages. Chief among them is its fragility. Over time, it loses its snowy whiteness, fades and turns yellow. It is exposed to mechanical stress and temperature reactions.
The lining, made of sheet steel and aluminum, is more often used in the decoration of the facade of the house, but it can be used in ancillary, yard buildings. An aluminum product is almost forever , which cannot be said about an analog. Inexpensive material is short-lived. Slight damage to the protective layer leads to an irreversible process - damage to the thin metal.
Due to the many types of lining, it is suitable for finishing ceilings in rooms with different operating requirements and aesthetic requests.
How to choose a material?
There are many manufacturers of this material, but the quality of the products sometimes wishes to leave the best. In order not to be mistaken in the purchase, you should carefully examine it at the time of purchase. You should pay attention to every little thing.
Packaging - you should be alerted if the lining is sold packed in a film. This fact indicates the low quality of the goods, since the seller is not allowed to tear the film and pull out the panel for inspection. Also, the panels covered with foil are exposed to moisture arising from the lack of ventilation . This packaging negatively affects the quality of even premium materials.
If possible, carefully check the plate itself. A slight curvature compromises the result of the work performed. It is better to refuse such a product . First, there will be installation difficulties. Secondly, even after installing it, there is no guarantee that it will last a long time.
If visual inspection is clear, inspect the surface. Shear waves may show up on the board. The most thorough inspection is necessary for the docking structures (grooves and ridges). In no case should they contain chips or cracks.
It is advisable to have a clip for inspection that can detect waves. If any are found, the kleimer cannot be installed properly. Note that assembly is easy when trying to connect individual panels.
Be sure to use a device, if available in the store, to measure the moisture content of the lining . Take the time to inspect your purchase - this will serve as a guarantee of the final result.
When choosing a finishing material, you need to be aware of its specification. Wood paneling is divided into four quality categories. They have significant differences. It is impossible to choose quality material without paying attention to them.
- Class A products are completely suitable for ceiling cladding. Errors are possible here, such as tar spots (no more than two), blind cracks (one or two), one knot is allowed.
- Class B is relatively good material. Its use in residential premises is undesirable due to its aesthetic characteristics. This is an increased number of blind cracks, knots and tar spots.
- Class C products are of low quality. It is used only for facing outbuildings. In this group, the criteria are completely different - dropping out knots, through cracks, resin pockets. However, this material is not a complete marriage.
- Products of the "Extra" class are characterized by the complete absence of any defects. It is ideal for finishing ceilings.
This classification is a guiding star when choosing a wooden lining. The type of wood affects the performance of the manufactured product.
The white ceiling in combination with various materials looks unusual and original. The lining on the ceiling in modern design is popular and in demand, as the trend towards economical materials contributes to the creation of a unique style. And the lining is just such a product, characterized by a natural texture, adequate cost and ease of installation.
Various tree species are used to create it:
- The peculiarity of pine products in soft brown shades attracts customers and at an affordable price.
- Lining made of spruce is an interesting budget material. The final stage is painting the surface, since the structure of the tree is not too pronounced.
- The main advantages of larch products are durability, rich shade and expressive texture of wood. This breed tolerates moisture well.
- Linden, plastic in origin, has attractive golden hues.
Coniferous lining types are durable, practical, and moisture resistant. Undesirable in rooms with constantly high temperatures. Since the emitted resinous substances can lead to fire. Deciduous species are processed and toned.
White color, which is the basis in any style, perfectly combines with other paints, is able to visually expand the space. Preference is given to oil and acrylic paints. By treating the surface with a solution that protects against moisture and insects, you can extend its shelf life.
Euro lining creates a graceful picture with a variety of diagonal stripe combinations.
The individual elements created on the ceiling - around the chandelier, for example, allow you to add variety to the interior of the room. An interesting touch in the interior will be a ceiling made of plastic lining, different in texture and applied pattern. With the help of panels in contrasting colors, zoning of the room is possible.
Design findings using this material will allow the owner to give a unique and individual character to their home.
- narrow and long panels expand the space;
- line designs blend harmoniously into any style;
- a lattice structure with crosswise slats creates the image of a ceiling from beams;
- the lining looks great with plastic plates of different widths;
- laying MDF panels in different directions, achieve a magnificent imitation of natural wood;
- luxury in decoration is achieved by using white, diluted with gold or silver;
- trendy interiors prefer rack and pinion style;
- the combination of wooden and painted ceilings looks spectacular.
There is an opinion about the suitability of such ceilings only on balconies or in country houses. It is wrong.
In the living room, it is appropriate to use this material in the design of the ceiling. Lacquered planks can transform the surface. It is possible to design the image of beamed ceilings as in alpine chalets or hunting lodges. This effect can be achieved by contrasting coloring of the finishing elements.
It should be remembered: to get a complete look, you need to decorate the entire interior in one style . Painted lining will create a cozy atmosphere for relaxing in the popular Provence style, so necessary in the bedroom. A barely noticeable element of antiquity and unsurpassed charm it will acquire in a combination of forged furniture and varnished coating details.
A more careful choice of such a product will avoid negative effects on people suffering from allergic reactions to the secreted ether compounds. An ideal room with a lining ceiling would be a kitchen .
The design in the above style will also be an excellent option. Here it is possible to use beige, white, blue tones for the color of the panels. The interior of the furnishings will turn out beautiful in a conceived image. A room with stylish appliances and steel surfaces of household items will look advantageous.
A natural type ceiling will be appropriate in a kitchen with natural stone decor or its imitation. The use of panels painted in a color that matches other objects is suitable for decorating a corridor. Don't overlook additional details and the overall look of the interior.
The nursery and the study are designed by analogy. In the nursery, a careful and scrupulous approach to such coverage is also needed. The only room in the house where it is not recommended to install a lining ceiling is a bathroom . Excessive moisture can cause the coating to deteriorate.
Calculating the required amount of this material for finishing the ceiling is not difficult, but painstaking. And the calculation must be done carefully so that the end result does not bring any grief in the form of additional costs (time, money, nerves). It is advisable to purchase the product with some margin. You need to start with a clearly developed plan for the direction of fastening the elements. Record all this on the drawing.
With the help of these records, it is easier to calculate the consumed item. The area of the ceiling is calculated in an elementary way: the width is multiplied by the din (as an example - ab - 3x4 = 12). For an accurate calculation, you need to know the dimensions of the selected cladding material. These data must be indicated on the packaging of the material and comply with GOSTs. By dividing the ceiling area by the area of one board, you will find out how many panels you need.
Ordinary mathematics. But do not forget about the nuance of fastening, that is, the presence of grooves and ridges. There will be a decrease in the width of each board. This calculation can be done manually. This threatens to waste a lot of time and effort.
Online calculator programs will come to the rescue. All you need is knowledge of the basic parameters of the panel - width, length, height and thickness. Based on practice, it is noticed that the results of two similar measurements do not have significant differences. The accuracy of measurements will save the budget allocated for repairs, and protect against unnecessary scraps. However, do not forget about the rule of rounding up the fractional value and adding 15% strategic reserve of material to it .
You can immediately calculate the cost of the material. When buying, you need to know the parameters of the lining and the required quantity. And do not forget about the factors that affect the cost: the price depends on the size of the lining, with an accurate measurement of which it will be possible to purchase the necessary cash. Now it is boldly just right to start installation work.
Any work must be done carefully. No special skills are required, there would be a desire. But you need to assemble a tool, without which nothing will work for sure. You will need several types of building level . Without a tape measure, you will have to work, as they say, by eye, which is absolutely unacceptable . You need a hammer, a hacksaw, a jigsaw and a screwdriver.
In the event that the crate is made of a metal profile, it is better to use scissors. When installing the cladding, use a drill with an impact mechanism or a perforator with a concrete ceiling. The minimum drill diameter is at least 6-7 mm . In terms of time, sheathing will take a little time, if the correct calculation and clear marking are made. The frame for panel mounting is of two types - wood and metal. The first option is considered more optimal. It is cheaper and easier to use.
Wooden crate will require:
- timber 4x4 cm, respectively, ceiling area;
- wooden or plastic wedges;
- self-tapping screws.
For a metal frame you need:
- metallic profile;
- self-tapping screws;
If necessary, the lining should be dried before installation. Clean the ceiling itself from dirt, dust and old plaster. Find the key points of the markup using the level. The first will be the lowest point of the ceiling, which is transferred to all walls and is connected along the perimeter with one line. These are the landmarks for the battens.
A small nuance: in places where the guides did not adhere to the overlap, use wedges.
Ceilings with such cladding do not tolerate differences in height and distortions. The lathing is attached to the dowels. The fastening distance between the beams depends on the material from which the lining is made. Having mounted the frame, you can begin the finishing itself. It is advisable to do this work together.
- The first panel is fixed to the wall with a spike. Boards must be fastened strictly perpendicular to the crate.
- Correct its position before fastening with a spirit level.
- The second track, firmly inserting it into the grooves of the first, secure it in the place of the frame.
- All other panels are attached by analogy. As practice suggests, the last board often has to be cut. To make the seam less visible, position it away from public view. During installation, immediately measure the holes for lighting fixtures and communications. You need to score carefully.
- The finished ceiling is made of wood plinth around the entire perimeter. It is advisable to varnish the wooden lining and baseboards. The option of painting is also possible.
Tips & Tricks
In creating comfort in the house, the decoration of the ceiling with clapboard plays an important role.
To keep it in its original state for a long time, remember:
- it is not recommended to wet it;
- use a vacuum cleaner or dry cloth for cleaning;
- the spots that appear are treated with a weak solvent;
- masters advise periodically treating the surface with antiseptics and fire retardants;
- it must be fixed very carefully;
- give preference to natural materials.
Eurolining ceiling can be made both in a brick house and in an apartment. It is necessary to take only high-quality lining and install it, following step-by-step instructions .
You can choose a material that has patterns. This option is most suitable for an attic or loggia, it will also look beneficial in the country.
Mirror lining looks stylish. Family photos can be applied to it. In this case, it must certainly be wide.
When laying, it is necessary, first of all, to correctly set the landmarks. Thus, it will be easier to hem the lining with your own hands. Laying the material must be tight, carefully joining it. Then it is important to nail the clapboard so that the filing will serve you for many years.
Beautiful examples in the interior
Wooden crossbeams on the ceiling make the room visually wider. Also, such a ceiling covering looks very stylish and interesting.
This ceiling covering fits perfectly into any interior style. You can pick up all sorts of beautiful decor elements for it.
The lining ceiling does not load the room at all.
You can watch beautiful examples of the design of wooden ceilings in the interior in this video.