Every person wants his home to look beautiful and harmonious. Fortunately, owners of private houses and apartments have a wide selection of furniture and finishing materials to achieve this goal. Today we will talk about decorating walls with paint and get acquainted with all the stages of painting partitions.
Painting the walls is a great option for decorating a home, be it a city apartment of any size or a cozy private house. The main thing is to choose the right color so that it is pleasant to be surrounded by it.
Currently, there are a huge number of colors for every taste. This suggests that it is possible to paint the walls with high quality in almost any conditions. For example, for small rooms of a small footage, it is worth using lighter or pastel colors, which can visually expand the space and refresh it. If you are going to paint the walls in a spacious room, then here you can turn to dark shades that look stylish and attractive.
An important role is played by the purpose of this or that area. So, in cozy bedrooms, it is recommended to turn to calm and neutral palettes, since they have a beneficial effect on a person's mood and his nervous system. In such conditions, households will fall asleep faster. As for the narrow hallway, here the designers do not recommend using too dense dark colors, since they visually constrain the space. Lovers of bright and juicy colors should use them in living rooms and children's rooms.
In one room, you can combine several different shades of paint. They can differ from each other by a couple of tones or even contrast with each other. The choice of the right combination largely depends on the style of the interior and the preferences of the owners.
Nowadays, beautiful mixtures with a glossy shine are very popular . Such original paints look especially organic and effective in the context of modern stylistic trends. If you are looking for a paint that will create an atmosphere of calmness and complete harmony with yourself in the room, then you should look at simple matte paints. They are ideal for relaxation or sleeping areas.
As for the main distinguishing feature of all interior paints, here it is worth noting their excellent appearance, which is difficult to confuse with other finishing materials. Of course, a lot also depends on the competent preparation of the base before applying the paint mixture. If all the work was carried out accurately and correctly, then the result will not disappoint you.
Many people prefer paints, because you can apply various patterns and prints to them with your own hands using a special design mixture. Thanks to this technique, it will be possible to create a truly unique interior in the original design.
Today, in building materials stores, you can find various types of paints. Each specific composition has its own pros and cons that must be considered when buying. For example, some mixtures cannot be used in rooms with high humidity, while others should not be applied to walls in a room on the sunny side, otherwise they will fade.
There are several types of interior paints. Let's take a closer look at their distinctive and operational characteristics.
Such hypoallergenic paints are found in stores most often and are very popular with consumers. Similar mixtures are produced on different bases and differ in different qualities.
These paints have several things in common:
- they are all environmentally friendly and absolutely safe for the environment and human health;
- any water-based paints almost do not smell;
- these finishing options dry quickly enough and look aesthetically pleasing.
The popularity of these paints is due to a number of advantages that they have:
- the water-based paint mixture easily adheres to walls, and it can be almost any surface. To make the base look even and neat, it is enough to apply the paint in two layers;
- after such paint has completely dried, a special thin film forms on the walls, which allows water vapor to pass through;
- similar compositions lend themselves well to tinting;
- water-based paint is relatively inexpensive and is presented in a rich assortment.
Of course, water-based color mixtures have their weak points. For example, they are not highly resistant to mechanical damage. Scratches and other similar defects often appear on them. In addition, the first painted layer hardly hides any imperfections in the overlap.
If you decide to decorate rooms with water-based paint, then you need to remember that this finishing material does not tolerate collisions with dampness and moisture. For this reason, using it in a bathroom or kitchen is strongly discouraged.
Such coloring compositions are water-based and are diluted with water. Such a paint is good in that it contains a special binder component, as well as dyes distributed in an aqueous medium. Thus, an emulsion is formed in the composition of this paint. After complete drying, such a coloring composition is not washed off from the surface of the walls.
Emulsion paints are also very popular because they have a number of positive qualities, for which they are so often chosen by consumers:
- it is worth noting the economy of these mixtures and their democratic consumption in the coloring process;
- these mixtures are environmentally friendly and absolutely safe, so they can be safely applied even in children's rooms;
- emulsion paints are fireproof and non-flammable;
- these finishing materials easily fit on any surface. However, if we are talking about a metal base, then it is recommended to first prime it in order to avoid corrosion in the future;
- emulsion paints dry quickly enough and do not have a strong chemical odor.
When choosing an emulsion paint, you should be aware that it cannot be applied to a surface that has previously been finished with a glossy or varnish paint mixture or special adhesive material. However, after finishing with emulsion paint, the walls can be coated with any compounds and any enamel can be used.
These types of water-based paints are divided into several subspecies:
- Polyvinyl acetate (PVA).
- Latex, water-dispersion and silicone
Water-based and water-dispersive
Most consumers believe that water-based and water-dispersion mixtures are no different from each other. They do not peel off the walls, are breathable, and are also quite suitable for finishing in rooms with high levels of humidity. However, they are not frost-resistant and lose their original color over time.
However, there are differences between them. So, matte emulsion coatings are washed off over time, and water-dispersion coatings are moisture resistant and are not afraid of contact with water. They can also be washed many times without affecting their appearance. In addition, water-dispersion mixtures, as a rule, have a simple white color, and water-based paints surprise customers with a wide color spectrum.
Currently, you can find beautiful water-based paints in stores that are used to create unique volumetric effects. These mixtures are called textured (or textured). With their help, you can decorate walls in a particular room in a very original and bright way. The main advantages of these formulations are increased strength and durability.
These paints contain special acrylic resins, which play the role of a binder. Such mixtures are elastic, so they can be used even for decorating wooden walls. In addition, acrylic paints are durable and difficult to damage. With the help of a high-quality acrylic compound, hair cracks (up to 0.5 mm) can be easily bridged.
Unfortunately, these dye mixtures are quite expensive. Of course, in stores you can find many more affordable options that are based on acrylic polymers. These mixtures look attractive, but are less practical.
Acrylic versions are frost resistant, but this effect is only achieved after they are completely dry. In addition, they are characterized by low gas permeability, therefore, they can be successfully used to protect the corresponding material, for example, reinforced concrete, from corrosion. Such paint can be safely used for finishing alkaline bases, however, it is allowed to apply it to freshly applied plaster no earlier than after 30 days.
Acrylic paint is durable and wear resistant. It is not susceptible to mechanical damage, and also retains the brightness of the color for many years. In addition, such coloring mixtures are not afraid of exposure to sunlight.
Despite the impressive list of positive qualities, acrylic paints have their drawbacks, for example, these finishing materials do not tolerate high humidity. They are not recommended for use in rooms with damp walls.
The most expensive water-based paints are latex options. Similar mixtures are produced using latex, which provides the coating with an increased water-repellent effect. Thanks to this distinctive feature, latex coatings can be safely washed without fear of ruining their appearance.
Such paints cover hair cracks of 1 mm. They can be safely used on a variety of grounds. For example, this can be structured wallpaper, walls covered with plaster, drywall or brick, and indoor ceilings. Typically, latex mixtures dry in just 30-60 minutes.
As for the negative aspects of this finishing material, then these include its weak lightfastness. Because of this, over time, latex paint can gradually fade and look less aesthetically pleasing.
Polyvinyl acetate (PVA)
Polyvinyl acetate interior paints are relatively inexpensive, so they are chosen much more often than expensive latex mixtures. But, unfortunately, they are not highly water resistant. Because of this, under regular washing conditions, the PVC paint will be washed off the walls.
Such modern coloring mixtures are environmentally friendly and resistant to sunlight. In addition, these paints are not afraid of contact with fats and oils, so they can be safely used in many areas of the home. Today, consumers use polyvinyl acetate paint not only for walls, but also for ceilings.
In the content of these paints, special emulsified resins act as a binder. These components are often found in acrylic mixtures. After drying, paints with silicone form a special water-repellent surface, but at the same time they do not cease to let air and water vapor pass.
These types of paints are characterized by increased elasticity. With their help, you can hide hair cracks up to 2 mm in size. It is also permissible to apply these paints on a plaster-coated base after two days. Such coloring mixtures are allowed to be used for finishing all types of mineral surfaces.
Silicone paint is allowed to be combined with acrylic, latex and mineral mixture. Moreover, they can be applied without fear to the old silicate coating.
The main advantages of these mixtures are:
- increased resistance to pollution;
- resistance to the formation of fungus and mold, as well as the reproduction of various microorganisms;
- resistance to dampness and moisture;
The downside of silicone paint is its high cost. For this reason, they often turn to it only for decorating a room or if the homeowners seek to emphasize its luxury and presentability.
In these variants, an alkyd resin acts as a binder, therefore they are called alkyd. They are ideal for finishing plastered floors, as well as metal or wood floors. After drying, alkyd paint does not emit unpleasant odors or toxic compounds, which indicates its safety and environmental friendliness.
Oil paint is another type of alkyd mixture. Such formulations have been popular in the past as well. They are created on the basis of drying oil diluted with white spirit, turpentine or even gasoline.
The main advantage of these compositions is their affordable price, and they are often found in stores. However, such options dry for a very long time - it often takes several days. After complete drying, oil paint emits harmful and toxic substances, therefore it is recommended to use it for external finishing work. Another significant disadvantage of this finish is that it begins to turn yellow over time.
Such paints are made on the basis of varnish, thanks to which they acquire a unique glossy surface. Modern enamel mixtures are very often used for painting metal substrates, various tools and appliances, wooden surfaces and plastered walls.
It is permissible to apply to enamel compositions for both interior and exterior decoration. Nitro-enamel options dry very quickly - it takes 15 to 45 minutes. The main feature of these mixtures is their durability and water resistance, moreover, they are not afraid of rust and sunlight.
Silicate coloring mixtures are based on liquid glass, therefore they are referred to a number of mineral compositions. Such paints are the most successful option for finishing the facades of buildings.
They have many positive qualities:
- High resistance to temperature fluctuations and harsh climatic conditions.
- Air permeability and vapor permeability.
- Resistant to aggressive sunlight.
Modern silicate paints must be diluted with water. They contain a certain amount of alkali, so you should be very careful when handling them. Be sure to take care and protect your hands, eyes, try not to get the mixture on your skin.
This paint must not be applied to substrates previously coated with alkyd or acrylic mixtures. It is also not recommended to paint bases of glass, ceramics, metal and stone with a silicate composition. But they can safely finish alkaline surfaces, for example, covered with plaster. If you are priming the base before painting, then the soil should also be silicate.
These paints are water-based and contain organic polymers. They are environmentally friendly and contain no harmful compounds. But glue-based formulations are not resistant to moisture and moisture, so their use is limited. They can be used only in warm and dry rooms. Glue paints are available in both liquid and powder form.
At the heart of these types of mixtures are protein components. These paints can be purchased for both interior and exterior wall decoration. They cover plaster, concrete or brick well.
These bone glue paints can be used exclusively for interior decorating work, as they do not tolerate contact with moisture. Such coatings are easy to apply and are durable, especially if you turned to them for finishing a dry room. In addition, the assortment of dextrinated paints is so rich that it will be possible to choose the right color for any interior and style.
These coatings, like all similar specimens, are destroyed by dampness and carbon dioxide. In poorly ventilated areas and in high humidity conditions, dextrinated paint becomes susceptible to mold and mildew.
The simplest is the one-color room decoration. The process of applying paint with such a design solution is simple and does not take too much time.
As mentioned earlier, for small rooms it is worth choosing light colors, and in spacious conditions both light and dark palettes will look harmonious, as well as their effective combination.
Some of the most popular colors used in interior decoration are white, beige, cream shades. These colors are "calm" and discreet. Against their background, both light and contrasting furniture looks organically. If there are too many light details in the interior, and the floor and ceiling are also snow-white or beige, then such an ensemble should be diluted with bright accents (decor of saturated colors).
If you decide to turn to light palettes, then you should choose paint that can be washed. This is due to the soiling of such mixtures.
Dark colors look more confident and bold, but there shouldn't be too many of them. For example, if you finished the walls with dark gray, dark chocolate or black paint, then you should buy light furniture for such a room. Parts with glossy surfaces are also suitable.
If you like bright and juicy colors, then you should choose them carefully. Do not forget that too many variegated shades can irritate and disturb the nervous system. It is not recommended to refer to such palettes if you are decorating a bedroom or study. Even in a positive and cheerful children's room, overly intrusive colors are best avoided.
Against the background of variegated and rich paint, it is necessary to arrange furniture and decor in calm tones in order to balance the interior.
The most popular bright colors are:
- Blue. White or blue objects will look good against its background.
- Pink. Pink is a great solution for a little girl's room, but it shouldn't be too much. Organize an accent wall in such a rich performance, and paint the rest with pale pink paint.
- Green. The natural green color will have a calming effect on the nervous system, if you prefer its calm shade. You should be as careful as possible with acid green, as it can negatively affect the emotional state of the household.
- Red. This sensual color looks great when combined with white and black. However, such solutions should be addressed only if you are not annoyed by such sharp color tandems.
- Purple, violet. These colors look sweet and attractive. They can be used in many rooms and diluted with white details, as well as shiny glass and crystal elements.
- Yellow. This positive color looks impressive when paired with purple, blue, cyan, white and brown details.
Color combinations look interesting in interiors. Simpler and less intrusive is the tandem of different shades of the same color. If you want to bring more noticeable combinations to the atmosphere, then you should turn to contrasting solutions, for example, to the clash of white and black or yellow and blue colors.
Today there are a large number of manufacturers producing high-quality and beautiful paint. Let's take a closer look at some of them.
LLC Kraski Faidal is a major representative of the German concern Feidal Coatings. The assortment of this manufacturer includes paints and varnishes for both professional and home craftsmen. You can choose the ideal option for painting a small room in a living room, and for decorating the entire facade of a large building.
All paints offered by Faidal Paints are made exclusively according to German recipes, on high-tech German equipment and using imported raw materials. The brand's products are environmentally friendly, durable and have a large selection of different colors.
This large enterprise manufactures a wide range of polyurethane, polyester, epoxy-polyester and thermosetting powder paints. All products are manufactured under the well-known and popular Prolak brand.
Dry paints are created using the most modern equipment. All product components are of unsurpassed quality.
The advantages of paints from this manufacturer include:
- Affordable prices.
- Favorable system of discounts.
- The shortest delivery time of paint.
- A wide assortment, represented by mixtures of various shades.
- Durability and wear resistance of coatings.
This large plant produces high-quality paints and varnishes that are distinguished not only by an attractive appearance, but also by excellent performance characteristics.
Quil produces eye-catching decorative paints for the consumer market as well as industrial complexes. Tinting systems for finishing materials are also designed for a variety of conditions, from ordinary residential buildings and apartments to large workshops and enterprises.
This brand makes stunning paints that are not only perfectly smooth, but also slightly rough. Due to its interesting texture, when exposed to sunlight, the coating begins to shimmer effectively, demonstrating unique chromatic contrasts.
The Marcopolo assortment is represented by decorative interior coatings that can be chosen for absolutely any stylistic direction. It can be unique materials suitable for classic and artsy ensembles or rough colors that fit well in a high-tech or loft style.
This company produces truly exclusive paint and varnish coatings that have an interesting effect that imitates the shine of metal. In addition, Easy art offers both classic matte and glossy paint options.
The products of this brand are distinguished by a long service life, excellent appearance and pleasant texture. It can be used for application to any surface, be it natural wood, inexpensive plastic or walls made of concrete and brick.
How to choose?
The selection of paint should be approached very responsibly, since today there are many different options on the market that are not suitable for all conditions.
So, for painting such a popular material as MDF, experts advise using polyurethane primer, special polyurethane paint and special varnish for MDF panels. These materials are designed to finish such a base and will not harm it. Polyurethane compounds are usually expensive, but they serve for a long time and look aesthetically pleasing. Also for MDF, you can safely use alkyd, alkyd-urethane and oil enamels. The latter option is not the most successful, but it is cheap.
For painting drywall, the popular water-based paint is most often chosen. You can safely add various colors to it and give it the desired color. A wide variety of paints are suitable for common concrete walls, as well as reliable epoxy, acrylic latex and gloss mixtures.
Choose paint of one color or another in accordance with its future location. So, in the nursery it is worth using more positive and gentle options, as in the adult bedroom, where pastel and soothing colors will look best, but for the living room you can pick up something brighter.
Paint is an excellent finishing material that is often bought instead of wallpaper. Experts recommend purchasing mixtures that can be washed with water, especially when it comes to light versions.
Look exclusively for high quality and environmentally friendly products. Be careful with paints (such as oil paints) that contain toxic compounds or alkali. To work with such coatings, you must use a variety of protective equipment, for example, high gloves and a mask.
If you plan to paint your kitchen, be sure to buy a breathable and moisture resistant paint, otherwise the coating will collapse and quickly lose its attractiveness in conditions of constant humidity.
For the purchase of high-quality and reliable paint, it is recommended to contact large and well-known stores in your city that have a good reputation. This will save yourself the trouble of buying a low-quality mixture.
To paint the walls yourself, you should stock up on the following necessary tools:
- A spatula (you need a wide and narrow tool).
- Medium to small brush.
- Clean container.
- Painting tray or special mesh.
- Sandpaper for the starting layer.
Also, many users buy spray guns or a convenient spray gun for self-painting.
How to paint?
Painting a particular room in a home is an important process that needs to be given due attention. You need to decide on the style of the interior that you want to see in this space, as well as on the direct shade of paint. After you settle on specific design solutions and buy all the necessary materials, you can start decorating the walls.
The choice of this or that paint largely depends on the stylistic direction of the interior.
For example, an unusual ensemble in the loft direction can be complemented with gray, dark brown or ash white paint. These rough, industrial-style finishes will look great in tandem with accent ceilings in brickwork.
Many colors are suitable for the classic direction, however, designers in their designs most often choose snow-white, cream, beige and brown tones.
For a modern high-tech style, glossy and matte mixtures of concise and simple colors are ideal. For example, it can be white or black coatings. Their combinations also look good in such interiors.
In the country style, wooden surfaces predominate, but they can be safely diluted with accent walls finished in white, beige, pale green, dull yellow or pale blue paint.
In Provence style settings, it is worth using gentle and pastel colors, for example, peach, pale pink, beige or pale blue.
For a minimalistic interior, the best solution is simple white paint, against which a few interior items and bright accents will stand out.
After you have decided on the style of the interior and the color of the paint, you should start preparing the walls for applying the finishing material.
- First you need to get rid of dirt and dust on the floors.
- If there are irregularities and cracks on the walls, then they must be puttyed, otherwise the paint will emphasize these defects.
- Be sure to remove old finishing material, be it old paint or wallpaper. In the case of wallpaper, the old layer of glue must also be removed from the floor surface.
- It is also necessary to remove mold and mildew from the walls, if these defects take place.
- Walls on which the plaster began to lag behind are recommended to be cleaned and repaired again, and all cracks and potholes should be covered.
Do not neglect the preparation of the substrate before applying paint. If you carry out the preparatory work hastily and inaccurately, then the coloring mixture can lie poorly and emphasize various defects and problem areas of the walls, if any.
After careful preparation, you can proceed to the direct painting of the walls. It must be produced in different directions (first horizontally and then vertically). Try to apply paint so that no smudges or drops appear on the walls. Such problems can be avoided if not too much composition is taken with a roller. In addition, it is strongly not recommended to apply the mixture in two layers at once, as this will lead to an inaccurate surface and dripping drops.
Do not thin the paint too much before applying to the wall, otherwise it will be difficult to apply and the result may be disappointing. If you are using oil paint, then it is recommended to stock up on a special hair brush for it.
Divide the wall surface into several distinct sections. Even professionals turn to this technique, since it helps to finish the base easier, more accurately and faster. It is worth sticking masking tape along the visual boundaries. On the first plot, the size of which should not exceed 1 sq. m, paint should be applied in three horizontal stripes, and then quickly shade them over the entire area. A brush or roller is suitable for this. Approaching the end of the process, brush movements should be from top to bottom.
If you want to create original strips of different colors, then you need to draw up a base mark in advance, and then glue strips of paper tape over it. The special masking tape can be removed only after the paint has completely dried.
The given technology is the most simple and straightforward. If you want to decorate the walls in a more original and unusual way, you can rely on modern design ideas that can transform the finish beyond recognition. Let's get to know them better.
To create a beautiful glaze effect, the wall must first be covered with the base color, and then with a wrinkled and dry piece of cloth painted in a different shade, randomly fill the pattern on the surface of the paint. You can also use raw material. Thanks to this "tool" on the walls you get softer improvised ornaments.
Of course, you can use not only paper or cloth for this, but other tools as well. For example, it can be a sponge that forms a spotted ornament or a brush that creates unusual patterns by splashing.
If you want the surface of the walls to be embossed, then you should use glue or glazed paints. You can make them rough and embossed with the help of simple devices that are found in almost every home. A regular sponge is suitable for this, as well as a clothes or shoe brush. However, it is worth remembering that the glazed or adhesive mixture can only be used after the base paint layer has completely dried.
If you like non-standard solutions, then you should complement the decoration with a creative gradient.
To do this, you need to prepare:
- 3 buckets of paint in various shades;
- Roller and special dishes for it;
- 2 brushes with hard and soft bristles;
- Paper adhesive tape.
First you need to dip the roller in a lighter paint and apply it to the wall, distributing it over the entire area (from floor to ceiling). It is necessary to apply the mixture in several layers so that the coating is denser and more reliable.
Divide the wall visually into 4 sections. Apply the darkest paint on the bottom quarter. Do not be intimidated by an overly saturated and contrasting color and do not strive to form perfectly smooth edges.
Now you need to connect the dark and light halves of the wall to each other. Stir the two colors in a separate bowl, dip the roller into the resulting mixture and trace the strip on the second lower quarter of the wall, slightly over the first quarter.
The third quarter of the base should be of medium brightness. As a rule, it is the juiciest one. After all the steps carried out, only one strip will remain intact, which is painted in the base color. Brush it gently with a roller and slightly smooth the transition from medium to lighter. Of course, you can not do this and leave everything as it is - it will look interesting and creative.
At the end of all work, carefully examine the wall. If it seems to you that there is an abundance of dark or light paint on it, then you should not be upset. At this point, you still have the option to add another shade to form the perfect color ensemble.
For more information on how to create a gradient when painting walls, see the next video.
For a small hallway, light paint will be the best option. It can be diluted with accent surfaces for masonry or brickwork. Against the background of beige or cream paint, doors and furniture of chocolate tones will stand out remarkably.
A tandem of two light colors will look good in the corridor. For example, it can be vertical yellow and white stripes of medium width, alternating with each other. In such an environment, a light floor and a white ceiling will look harmonious. Provide high-quality and bright lighting in this space, and the corridor will not seem cramped.
Inside a cozy wooden house, an accent wall painted in white, caramel, beige or soft coffee shades will look spectacular. The rest of the floors can be left intact with their natural wood structure. For such interiors, the ideal solution would be furniture, the upholstery of which repeats the shade of the accent wall, and the frames are made of wood.
Also, wooden walls can be painted in delicate and pastel shades. For example, it can be snow-white, pale blue, peach, caramel and even ashy options. Interiors with similar details look very cozy and warm.
In the hall, you can decorate the walls with bolder colors. For example, it can be a dark red or burgundy coating, against which decorative suitcase shelves are installed and gray furniture with coral stripes is located. Place a black and gray striped rug on the floor and a small table with antique-style wheels. Such an interior will be an excellent solution for lovers of creative and extraordinary solutions!
Moisture resistant yellow paint will look good in a bathroom with black floor tiles in a small square and glass shelves. Use chrome details in such an environment, as well as ceiling recessed lamps in a fashionable square shape. The result is a stylish ensemble with a modern twist.
Against the background of the laconic gray-blue paint, aristocratic interior items will look great: a snow-white sofa with pointed details on the back, a gray-white coffee table with curved legs and a white armchair-chair. Decorating such an ensemble can be done using pastel-colored pillows, vintage buckets with pieces of wood, as well as small light candles on the table.
A gentle gradient can be applied to the design of the bedroom. This can be a smooth transition of an accent wall from green-blue to white to color. Lay light wood or parquet on the floor and place a pallet bed with light colored linens. You can complete such an interesting ensemble with curtains in a white and blue shade, a painted curbstone in an oriental style and a floor carpet in a sky blue color.