To make indoor plants feel as comfortable as possible, it is important not only to create suitable conditions for their maintenance, but also to choose the right soil. In the article we will tell you what the soil for succulents should be and how to prepare the composition with your own hands.
Representatives of the flora belonging to the succulent section are easy to grow in houses, apartments and other enclosed spaces. These plants are distinguished by the presence of special tissues in which a large amount of nutrient moisture is accumulated. They do not require complex maintenance, but they need a special earthen composition.
The earth must have certain characteristics in order for the plant to fully develop, not hurt and please with its amazing appearance.
Finding or preparing the soil for succulents is not easy, but possible. Ordinary soil from a vegetable garden or garden will not work, even if it is processed before using in an oven or with a manganese solution.
An ideal soil will have the following characteristics.
- The earth should not be oversaturated with useful trace elements and nutrients. Under natural conditions, these representatives of the flora grow in an arid climate and in rocky soil, adapting to difficult conditions.
- Mineral soil is used for cultivation. If only conventional mixtures are available to you, you need to add crushed stone or sand to them.
- The best soil does not retain water for a long time and dries up many times faster than black soil.
- In order for the root system to fully develop and receive a sufficient amount of oxygen, the soil mixture must have a loose texture.
- The rocky soil structure is excellent for this type of plant.
The main thing that must be remembered when preparing the soil yourself is that all its components require heat treatment, including drainage. This is done in order to destroy small parasites and bacteria that are dangerous to the indoor flower. Exotic plants are not immune to diseases and pests in our region.
If you do not heed the above recommendations, the risk of diseases is high, due to which succulents often wither and die.
How to choose?
Many experienced flower growers prefer to independently prepare the land for growing and transplanting indoor plants. In this case, you can be completely confident in the correctness of the composition and its quality. At home, make the desired mixture using ingredients purchased from gardening stores.
If you do not have proper experience in floriculture or do not want to face the difficulties of self-preparation of the earth, purchase a ready-made composition in a specialized store.
Finding a suitable composition is not so easy, but large retail outlets provide a rich assortment that can satisfy all the needs of a modern buyer.
Be sure to check with your dealer to ensure that the product meets the specifications described above. The packaging should indicate that the soil is specifically designed for succulents. Products of the Paradise Garden trademark are in great demand and trust of customers. The company offers a wide range of products for gardeners and gardeners.
The composition of the earth mixture
The main feature of the soil for succulents is its multicomponent. This characteristic is due to the peculiarities of the growth of indoor plants of this type.
To begin with, drainage is placed on the bottom of the container. It is needed to prevent root rotting processes due to stagnant moisture. Experts advise using pieces of bricks, small pebbles or stone chips.
To prepare a special substrate, you must mix several ingredients, adhering to the following proportion:
- sand - 2 parts;
- peat or humus - 1 part;
- land - 1 part.
To create conditions as close to natural as possible, the earth can be mixed with small stones before adding. The main thing is not to overdo it with their quantity, otherwise they will interfere with the roots, as a result of which the plant will begin to die.
Top layer decoration
Before planting the succulent in a container, the top layer of the earth is covered with drainage. It is allowed to cover the soil with the same material that was used for laying on the bottom of the container, however, experts advise choosing a different component. If you wish to use a stone, select larger pieces.
It should be remembered that the top layer is removed before watering, otherwise the plant may begin to rot in the area of contact with the soil.
Coconut substrate for indoor plants
In addition to ready-made earthen mixtures, you can find many other compositions and natural ingredients on sale that are actively used by flower growers. Coconut substrate is in great demand. It is a natural and ecological product that is often substituted for an earthen mixture with peat.
This material is made by processing the skin of coconuts. The finished product is a mixture of coconut fiber and dust. Due to its special properties, it is suitable for growing various domestic plants. On sale, the substrate is found in two forms:
It is optimal for growing vegetables as well as indoor plants, both green and flowering. For succulents, nut substrate is great as an addition to the main earthy composition, but some successfully use it as a soil mixture.
How to use coconut substrate?
Few people know how to properly use this product and plant plants in it. If you have chosen a substrate in the form of briquettes, they must first be soaked. This is done simply: the material is placed in a deep container and filled with warm or hot water. In the process of work, as it is absorbed, the liquid is gradually added.
The substrate will begin to grow in size and disintegrate. From a briquette weighing 1 kilogram, you will get about 6 kilograms of soil, ready for planting. Some experts advise, after swelling, rinse the product with running water at high temperature. For this, the substrate is enveloped with gauze; nylon products can also be used.
The moistened substrate is sent to a container, at the bottom of which a drain is laid, after which a plant is planted in it. Then the mixture must be fertilized. Formulations with nitrogen content are best suited for this. They also use special complex formulations intended for plants of various varieties.
The peculiarity of the coconut substrate is looseness. The root system in it feels great, develops systematically and receives the necessary oxygen in sufficient quantities.
Characterization and use of the hydrogel
More recently, a hydrogel has appeared in flower shops. This product immediately attracted the attention of buyers due to its amazing appearance. The product can be sold as granules, powder or crystals. It is able to absorb and retain moisture. When wet, the elements increase significantly in size. Manufacturers have added safe dyes to their composition, thanks to which the granules are full of a variety of colors.
The larger hydrogel is used as a substitute for substrates and primers for indoor plants. Plants are planted in transparent containers to create amazing living arrangements. The fine product is mixed with earth. This composition is often used for seed germination.
Often the product acts as a decorative addition to the interior. By mixing several bright colors in one transparent container, you can add color and expressiveness to the decor. This element will become an accent and complement the style.
Hydrogel and succulents
Many are wondering if a hydrogel can be used to grow succulents. Experienced professionals declare that this product is not suitable for this category of plants.
The main task of the hydrogel is to accumulate moisture, and succulents cope with this perfectly on their own. It is also not recommended to plant succulents in earthen formulations mixed with a fine hydrogel.