The bathhouse is a place where people rest and recuperate. In the old days, it was used to give birth, as well as to heal colds. Today, many modern procedures have been added to this treatment. They make the human body both younger and more beautiful. Many people go to the bathhouse simply to relax and enjoy themselves. And therefore, every person strives to make it at home. To do this, you need to know how to make the bath beautiful both inside and outside.
The building can be made of many materials, each of which has one or another merit. This includes a foam block, aerated concrete, bricks, and many other materials.
The most common and traditional material is wood. Most often, the owners choose rounded logs. This choice is quite understandable, because a bath made of such material looks very beautiful and natural. Plus, you can save time on construction, as well as simplify the workflow. In addition, the tree creates a wonderful microclimate inside the bath.
From foam block
When choosing such material, you need to familiarize yourself with its qualities. After all, foam concrete has both advantages and disadvantages. For example, it has good thermal insulation, the level of which is much higher than that of ordinary concrete. Also, the foam block has a small mass, which simplifies cargo transportation. In addition, it is an environmentally friendly material, the constituent elements of which are sand, cement and water. The foam block is resistant to frost, it is not afraid of fire. But sometimes you can buy low-quality material with low strength. It will be of poor quality, especially if you compare such a fake with aerated concrete or expanded clay.
From aerated concrete
It has almost the same qualities as the foam block, its only difference is that it is vapor permeable and slowly absorbs moisture. But the damp material dries well.
Unlike the northern regions, where wood is preferred, in the south brick is most often used to build baths. It is made from clay, which is an environmentally friendly material, because in such a building they not only wash, but also improve their health. In addition, such material is durable and not afraid of fire. Its only drawback is its high thermal conductivity. But having made good insulation, it will be just as warm in a brick bath as in a wooden building.
From cinder block
The cinder block is used to make the construction of the building faster and cheaper. At the same time, the quality of the bath does not suffer, since this material is no less durable than brick.
From gas silicate blocks
Building a bathhouse from such material will be cheaper than building a wooden one. It consists of cement, sand, gypsum, lime and water. Gas silicate is not afraid of mold, immune to frost, fire resistant, environmentally friendly and soundproof. The only drawback is that it has a high moisture absorption.
When determining the necessary materials for the construction and decoration of the bath room, it must be remembered that they should not emit harmful vapors in high temperature conditions. The interior decoration should retain heat well and give it to the room after heating.
The bathhouse, like any room, consists of different surfaces, materials for which are selected separately. For example, wall decoration in every second bath is made of natural wood. This is done because it absorbs moisture well, is resistant to high temperatures, and also has a long service life. In addition, due to its qualities, wood fills the room with a unique atmosphere.
For wall cladding in baths and saunas, clapboard or imitation of beams are most often used. Also, the surfaces are sheathed with unedged boards made of various types of wood. The cheapest material is pine, but you cannot use it to decorate the steam room, because it contains a large amount of resin, so a person can get burns by touching such surfaces.
The best option for the interior cladding of the bath will be such types of wood as linden or larch. Linden not only does not darken over time, but also does not crack. Plus, its use will enhance the healing effect of being in the steam room. Larch has a long service life and is not afraid of mold.
You should not make the OSB lining with a plate, because it contains many harmful substances, which only increase with increasing temperature.
Wooden boards or ceramic tiles are used for flooring, but glazed tiles are more suitable for this. After all, it tolerates temperature differences better than any other. But the walls around the stove can be finished with stone or tiles that are resistant to fire.
There are several options for finishing the bath outside. One of them is siding. He is not afraid of temperature extremes, and also does not corrode. But if the bath has a construction of rounded beams, then sheathing it with siding is not worth it. After all, a tree must breathe, and he cannot provide it. And then the walls can turn black, which will reduce their lifespan.
The next option is clapboard sheathing. This finish is not difficult to do with your own hands. However, when buying, you should pay attention to the moisture content of the material, which should not be higher than 15%. You can also use a block house that simulates the surface of rounded logs, which costs a little more than lining. You also need to pay attention to its moisture content. The installation of these materials is a very difficult task, so it is better to entrust it to specialists.
Wall decoration can be done with facade tiles with special plates. With their help, it is attached with self-tapping screws to the crate.
The most common type of bath decoration is plastering the surface , which can decorate even a very modest building. It is better to buy ready-made dry mix. It only needs to be diluted with water and, if necessary, add the desired pigment. It is applied using movements in different directions. This creates a groove that resembles the bark of a tree.
Bath construction is only half the job. Indeed, at the end of the external work, it is necessary to start finishing from the inside. This is an important step in construction. A well-executed building not only looks beautiful, it also protects the ceiling, floor and walls.
When planning the decoration of the bath, you need to know that it consists of three rooms. This is a dressing room or, in other words, a changing room, a washing or shower room and a steam room. If the bath is large, then you can also make a kitchen area, a swimming pool or even a billiard room in it. However, here, too, you should not neglect the basic requirements for the bath. The premises should ideally not only have an attractive finish, but also be very practical.
It is necessary to start interior decoration of rooms with a selection of materials necessary for work. If you choose them correctly, this will extend their service life, and also give you the opportunity to relax in comfort.
Wood is most suitable for interior decoration. Larch or linden can be chosen here. Recently, the abasha tree has become popular, which has interesting properties. This is a very soft African wood, which has only one significant drawback - stains and any prints remain on its surface. This material has a very low thermal conductivity, and when a person sits on it, he takes on body temperature.
There are also materials that should not be used when decorating bath rooms. For example, pine cannot be used to decorate the steam room, which releases a lot of resin during the heating process. As mentioned, this can lead to burns. Also, the cladding made by chipboard or fiberboard swells very much and at the same time exudes substances that can even lead to poisoning. For the same reasons, linoleum cannot be laid.
If the use of pine is prohibited for a steam room, then for a dressing room or a gathering room, on the contrary, it will be better than any other material. The tree will give its aroma to the room and thus it will be possible to create the atmosphere of a real Russian bathhouse.
Lining is also actively used as a finishing material. It is very easy to install and individual panels can be replaced. Such material will be ideal for decorating bath rooms, plus everything, if you place a heater under it, then the room will turn out as warm as possible.
The most commonly used material is tile. However, it is not recommended to use it in a steam room, but it is perfect for a relaxation area and a shower. After all, such material does not rot, is not exposed to moisture and is not afraid of high temperatures, which means it will last a long time. It can be unenamelled and glazed. The latter option is ideal for finishing surfaces in the bath. But unenamelled tiles do not tolerate temperature extremes.
Before starting the execution of plating, it is necessary to distribute the work processes. They are performed from the bottom up. The first stage is finishing the floor. This is followed by the ceiling and then the walls.
You need to start finishing the bath from the floor. To do this, you can use edged larch boards or tiles. First, a rough coating is made. For this, concrete is poured taking into account the water removal system. Then, after a few days, necessary for the solution to harden, you can start finishing the floor.
If a tree is chosen for its sheathing, then the logs are installed first, and then edged boards up to thirty centimeters thick are laid. Before starting work, all wood must be treated with antiseptics to avoid fungus and mold.
If tiles are used for finishing, then you need to make a screed before installing it, and only then you can proceed to installation. You should also pay attention to its basis. After all, on a porous base, as you know, fungus can spread. Therefore, it is better to use smooth tiles. Getting started, you need to soak it for a few minutes to save glue. After all, wet material will absorb less of it. Then the tile, plastered with glue, is applied to the wall. Its edges must be slightly attached with a mallet. At the end of the work, it is necessary to wipe the seams. To prevent accidents, wood grates can be placed on top of the tiles.
To sheathe a room with clapboard, it is necessary to level the surfaces of the walls, otherwise it will go in waves. Next, a crate is created from slats, which are fixed at a distance of 60-70 centimeters from each other. According to the technology, the extreme rails are first attached using galvanized self-tapping screws. The plumb line and level are used to ensure that everything is done neatly and evenly. If the walls are even, it is possible to install the lining without using the lathing. It is attached with large brackets or self-tapping screws.
Often, beginners are faced with the question of whether a vapor barrier is needed. This primarily depends on the basic materials used for construction and interior decoration. If the structure is wooden and finished with clapboard, then a vapor barrier is not required. For brick buildings, it is required. Do not forget about the treatment of the entire frame system, as well as the material itself, with antiseptic agents. It is not necessary to cover the paneling with paint or even clear varnish, as they will not let steam through.
Before installation work, it is imperative to insulate the bath. To do this, you can use mineral wool, which is laid on the crate. The thickness of the insulation ranges from 10 to 20 centimeters, depending on the material used to build the bath.
After finishing the sheathing, you can start finishing the room., Install shelves, and also decorate it with various items. This can be done in a modern style or semi-antique.
When decorating a steam room, you must take into account its features. These are temperature changes, high humidity, and the constant presence of steam. Therefore, when choosing materials for decoration, you need to take into account the extreme conditions of the steam room. The wood must be dry, free of knots or other defects. Antiseptic treatment should also be done. This will extend its durability. For this, an edged board is suitable that meets such requirements as moisture resistance, immunity to mold or mildew, and also does not have resins in it.
The lining made of linden has good characteristics. It has a low density, which allows it to not get very hot in the steam room. Also, such panels do not emit resins, plus they have good sound insulation. Not worse than linden and lining of aspen or cedar, which have almost the same qualities.
For the steam room, materials such as linoleum or wooden boards cannot be used, since when the air is heated, they release substances that are bad for human health. The same goes for plastic. Tiling is also not recommended, as it can crack at high temperatures, and you can get severe burns by touching it.
It does not require a steam room and additional processing, because all antiseptics have a chemical additive, which at high temperatures will begin to actively release from the materials used, which will adversely affect health and make the adoption of procedures more dangerous.
Decorating in a steam room begins with raising the floor by about fifteen centimeters so that there are no drafts and better heat is retained. It is better to make the covering from edged boards or ceramic tiles.
Starting to cover the steam room with clapboard, you must immediately make its insulation. For this purpose, mineral or basalt wool is suitable. You can also use a cork agglomerate, the main advantage of which is hypoallergenic. The sheathing itself must be done very diligently. The distance between the slats must be at least 50 centimeters.
At the end of the installation of the lining, you can proceed to the installation of shelves or loungers. They should be rounded. For their manufacture, it is preferable to take the wood that has the lowest density so that they do not get very hot. It can be either linden or aspen, and for lovers of strong aromas, cedar boards are suitable. It is better to place them against a wall that has no windows. It is necessary to make the loungers different, measuring from half a meter to a meter for a comfortable pastime.
The washing room is used not only for its intended purpose, that is, not only to wash in the shower, but also to pamper your body with massage or other procedures. All this must be thought in advance, even before finishing work or even during the construction of a bath.
When choosing finishing materials for it, you need to take into account all the functions that will be needed in the washing room. For decoration, tiles or wood are best suited. Unlike the steam room, pine needles are more suitable for the washing room. It can be spruce, pine, and larch. This choice is very easy to explain. After all, the needles have the ability to repel water and will show themselves in the washing room in the best way. She will not only serve for a long time, but will delight the eyes with her appearance. Coniferous materials are very beneficial for health, and their scent heals the heart, lungs and nervous system.
The most important task is the finishing of the floor. It should be non-slip. To achieve this result, the base of the floor is made of concrete. Tile lays on its surface. And to avoid slipping, wooden gratings are placed on top. They must be periodically removed and taken out into fresh air in order to dry and prevent fungus. The tile copes well with large amounts of water. But the floors in the washroom can be made entirely of wood. However, it is worth considering that they do not completely remove the water, which means that its stagnation can lead to mold or rot.
Wood slabs and linoleum are also not recommended for use in the washing room. After all, they undergo a process of decay, plus they quickly ignite.
Finishing inside such a room does not require such strict rules as a steam room. But even if there are no high temperatures, the humidity in the bath is still too high. Craftsmen advise finishing with natural breathable materials. It can be clapboard, stone, and tiles. Even plastic can be used here, however, of very high quality, because a low-quality one will release toxins when heated.
Also, if the firebox is made in a washing compartment, it is necessary to insulate the walls and ceiling near the stove. This can be done with a metal sheet.
To decorate a room such as a recreation room, there is no need to pick up the materials meticulously. For this, you can use any kind of wood, so the decoration of such a room will cost the owner very cheap. The use of linoleum and wood boards is allowed here. For walls and ceilings, lining or other materials using imitation of beams are suitable.
Wall decoration consists of two stages - rough and final. Starting a rough finish, you need to remember that it is immediately necessary to seal the room. This stage includes wall and ceiling insulation with mineral wool and foil.
Then they start finishing. For this, a lining is suitable, which includes natural wood species. You can also combine its types to enhance the healing effect. In addition, such a simple option will add some extravagance to the rest room.
To place boards in such a room, you must use either a vertical or horizontal finish. This is done so that the water flowing down the lining does not accumulate between the planks.
For finishing the floor, just like in the previous rooms, you can use both wood and tiles. Having chosen the first option, you can start doing it in stages. First, logs are laid on the concrete base. Before this, waterproofing is done. Then the lags are treated with an antiseptic. Bars are attached along their edges, and only then a subfloor made of wood is placed on them.
The next step is to lay the insulation material. This can be, for example, roofing material. A layer of expanded clay is poured over it, and then waterproofing is again placed. The last step involves laying the finishing boards.
Having chosen tiles for finishing the floor, you need to know which types of tiles are more suitable for this. You can use porcelain stoneware and majolica tiles. For laying, you first need to cover the area under the room with sand and level it well. Then lay out foam and insulating material on top, on which a special mesh lies. Then concrete is poured and after a few days you can start installing the tiles.
When choosing materials for decoration, it is necessary to take into account that a recreation room is a room where you can relax and have fun. Therefore, the interior and decor play an important role in this. If you choose the right colors, as well as combine all types of finishes, then relaxing in such a room will be pleasant not only for the owners, but also for the guests.
In order to be able to comfortably relax in the bath, it is necessary to properly finish the room. To do this, it is necessary to plan in advance not only the interior of all rooms, but also their thermal insulation. The materials used for this must be environmentally friendly, resistant to high temperatures, as well as mold.
It is better to take mineral wool for warming the room , which is a natural material with a high degree of thermal conductivity, moreover, its service life can reach 50 years. You can also use insulation made from foil. Their advantage is that they are only one centimeter thick.
Do not use glass wool. It is slightly inferior in properties to mineral wool, moreover, over time, it emits an unpleasant odor. You can use felt jute material to insulate a log bath. It cannot be used for insulation inside the foam, which can emit toxic substances. For the floor, you can use a layer of expanded clay, the thickness of which should be 25 centimeters.
It is better to decorate sauna rooms inside from wood, which is a durable and ecological material. In addition, no other material can replace either the look or the scent of wood. After all, it is not only pleasant to touch him, but also to walk barefoot. There is no need to treat wood surfaces with paint or varnish, it is better to enjoy their natural aroma.
If a tree is used for decoration, then it should be brought into the room in advance, two to three days before starting work. This will give the lining the advantage that then it will not feel either moisture or dryness. For the installation of the lathing, you need to use beams with dimensions of 50 to 50 centimeters.
Do not forget about installing a rough and final floor in every bath room. It must allow air to pass through so that boards or any other substrate does not rot or mold over time. It is imperative to install overhead vents to ventilate the room. After all, they are vital. If a person becomes ill, then with their help you can drop the steam level in an instant. Also, if the bath is not heated, the air vents must be left open so that the walls are not damp.
When installing a stove, you need to pay attention to the structure of the chimney so that soot does not burn in it. Also, do not forget about the electrical wiring. To avoid any safety problems, safe LED lights must be used for lighting in the steam room and washing room.
Although there are many works on finishing the bath and they are not easy, they can still be done with your own hands, you only need to adhere to the advice and recommendations of specialists, and also pay attention to the installation process.
There are many interesting ideas for decorating baths, many of which can be used as inspiration for renovation or construction.
The first example is a classic sauna with wooden walls, floor and even ceiling. All this is made of a log, covered only with a protective layer of varnish. Only in such a steam room you can truly relax. She looks traditional, and this is her main charm. The bathhouse is divided into two main parts - a place for relaxation and the steam room itself. Both of them are made in the same style and are decorated with brooms of dry herbs. Such decor not only looks beautiful, but also fills the room with incredible aromas. At the same time, this kind of decoration is quite budgetary, because herbs for brooms in the summer season can be collected by yourself.
As for the functional filling of the rooms, everything is simple. The steam room contains everything you need for a good rest and swimming. The dressing room, on the other hand, can become a place for intimate gatherings with friends. There is a large table and chairs with comfortable backs. It will also fit a traditional Russian samovar, delicious food and a little alcohol to cheer up.
The relaxation area in the bathhouse can be made not only in the traditional Russian style. The next example is a luxurious large room styled as expensive classics. Of the finishing materials, wood, slab, and stone are used immediately. Despite the fact that there are a lot of them, they are all organically combined with each other.
The room is decorated in cozy brown and gray colors. Wooden walls and ceilings are matched with cozy brown armchairs, and a neat stone wall with tiled floors. Since the recreation area is large enough, it can be divided into several zones at once. The main one is for get-togethers with friends. There are chairs and several tables. The rest of the space is more free and you can use it at your discretion.
Decorative details deserve special attention. They, along with thoughtful finishes, create an atmosphere of luxury in this room. The decorative details include paintings on the walls, wrought-iron lamps, and soft pillows.
The last version of the room is a steam room, decorated in a modern style. Everything is very simple and minimalistic here. The entire room is finished in light wood, as is the enclosure for a small stove filled with stones. It is comfortable, stylish and safe. Only one of the walls is finished with stone. It is located behind the stove, which increases its safety. Decorative details in the steam room would be superfluous, so there is only what is needed for a good rest.
Building a bath and finishing all of its surfaces is a demanding task. Indeed, not only the appearance of the room depends on the choice of materials, but also how healthy the atmosphere in the rooms will be. Therefore, it is worth considering all the information provided on different types of finishes, and then the bath will turn out exactly the way you want to see it, and it will really be pleasant to relax in it and spend your free time in the company of loved ones.
For the intricacies of finishing the bath, see the next video.