To make your home look unique, you can buy stylish furniture, expensive curtains or make original wall decoration. But some people refresh their rooms with houseplants, which can be in the form of a bush or tree. The vegetation in the room is beauty and comfort, however, on top of everything else, it is also a responsibility for the owner, since the trees require attention and respect.
Recently, artificial vegetation has been trying to supplant living indoor plants. But still, many people remain fans of green spaces, which are not only attractive in appearance, but also beneficial to human health. Indoor trees are able to revive a boring interior with their sophistication and style. Such decorative representatives of flora adorn apartments, private houses, entertainment centers, shopping areas, offices and shops.
If you put a houseplant - a tree - in the room, then you can count on its advantages.
- It is a constant source of O2, which is released instead of absorbed carbon dioxide. Some specimens are capable of filling the air with phytoncides and essential oils, which helps to destroy bacteria. In addition, the process of filtering dust in the air of the apartment takes place.
- Increase in the humidity level in the room Due to the evaporation of water, the air is rapidly cooled.
- The green color has a calming effect on a person, and also helps to deal with everyday stressful situations.
- Creation of a pleasant, cozy atmosphere for rest and relaxation.
- Due to their size, indoor trees can divide the space into rooms into separate functional zones. Tall large decorative trees in the room are natural partitions.
- The texture of indoor vegetation helps to soften architectural elements. The trees enliven the cold, hard surface and harmonize the atmosphere.
- Plants aesthetically fill and revitalize indoor corners.
There are practically no disadvantages of this type of vegetation, except that it needs proper care, otherwise the plant may get sick and die.
Description of species
Lovers of indoor houseplants know that there are a huge number of varieties of the latter. Flowers and trees will decorate any room and purify the air, regardless of varietal characteristics. Today on sale you can find live breadfruit, banana, elephant, tea, coral, sugar, olive, dollar, laurel, family for happiness and prosperity. They all look like miniature oases in the house.
Ficus Benjamin in room conditions can grow up to 300 centimeters. This is a rather whimsical indoor flora representative. He needs to allocate a certain place where he will live without moving. Ficuses do not tolerate darkness in a room, low temperatures, and drafts.
Many varieties of indoor vegetation can be used to create bonsai. Only Dieffenbachia is considered an unsuitable tree. Bonsai formation can be started after the culture is firmly rooted. In this case, the trunk of the decorative representative of the flora must be strong, healthy, not damaged and be characterized by a good crown with unique curves.
Bonsai will be beautiful and healthy under the following conditions:
- timely elimination of damaged and diseased shoots;
- removing unnecessary weaves;
- in time for cut greens.
The second name for hibiscus is "Chinese rose". This representative of the flora is characterized by the extraordinary beauty of flowering, as well as the ability to grow to a height of about 5 meters. With proper care, this representative of the flora can live for several decades.
Ornamental citrus indoor trees include lemon, lime, orange, tangerine. These representatives of the flora are quite popular at the present time due to the ability to easily adapt to new conditions of existence. Citrus fruits require little maintenance and are considered quite pliable.
Camellia is considered to be one of the most capricious trees in the maintenance, so it is considered not the best option for novice gardeners. However, you should know that with proper cultivation, this representative of the flora will delight its owner with beautiful flowers with a diameter of 6 to 12 centimeters.
The dragon tree has a chaotic appearance, its height does not exceed 300 centimeters. Dracaena loves lighting, but suffers from direct sunlight. The dragon tree is good for water, so it needs regular watering and spraying.
Indoor maple in height does not exceed 150 centimeters. It is considered an unpretentious plant that can bloom from early spring to autumn. Provided the temperature in the room is at least 15 degrees Celsius, abutilone will bloom in winter. In summer, the tree feels good on the balcony, loggia.
You can find a coffee tree by its pleasant sweetish aroma that it exudes during flowering. The height of the decorative culture can reach 200 centimeters. If the tree is well looked after, then it will regularly bloom and bear fruit. About half a kilogram of grains can be collected from such a representative of the flora per year.
The money tree has long been considered a symbol of prosperity, abundance and good luck. The fat woman is able to fit into any interior, and because of its unpretentiousness, it can be grown even by novice growers. The culture does not tolerate drafts, being near a heater.
Araucaria is called the monkey tree. It looks beautiful and rather unusual. The one and a half meter culture has a green stem and drooping lateral processes. On the branches are short and tough needles, which together look like a tail.
The most unusual representative of indoor flora can be called amorphophallus. The snake tree has a stem that looks a lot like snake skin. It surrounds an arrow, which can have many different shapes. The culture has a single leaf blade of a rather large size, which has a greenish brown color and white dots.
Potted trees should be transplanted into special soil, which is bought in the store. This soil is enriched with a lot of elements that plants need. The transplant procedure must be correct and timely. It is better to select a pot larger than the root system of the culture, so the tree will grow and develop well.
In the first 2 years of life, the tree will need to be transplanted no more than once every 6 months. In subsequent years, the procedure is carried out every 3-5 years.
The soil of decorative trees should be changed constantly, while removing the top layer and pouring a new one.
What to choose?
Since there are a large number of types of indoor trees on sale today, it is not easy to choose one. If you buy an adult plant right away, it will not be cheap. Young crops are much cheaper, but a grower will take a lot of time and effort to grow beautiful representatives of the flora from them. You can choose the tree that is most suitable for the interior according to its external characteristics.
Before buying a decorative tree, a florist should decide on its future location. For example, a tub looks beautiful on the floor, and if you attach wheels to it, then the green culture can be moved around the room. Small vegetation in a pot where a house tree grows looks great. Some species can be cut and shaped according to their own preferences, such as laurel and ficus.
The following video presents popular indoor trees that are unpretentious in growing and maintaining.